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Facts and Information About St.Ana

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Capital City: Franceville

Official Languages: French, St.Anaïsien Creole

Population: 76,078

Major Cities and Towns: Franceville,Piqinion, Calienne,Sangiers-Sur-Mer,Jamelle, Afriqueville,Port Marnier.

Administrative Regions( Départissements)-Côte Nord, Lucienne,Haute-Roche,Cap-Pélée,Martineau,Pointe-Blanche, Les Cayes, Île St.Jacques.

Highest Point-Mont Martine

Religion: Catholic

Independence Day (from France): January 12 1972

Maijor Exports: Bananas,Coconuts,Local Crafts,Rum,Tobacco,Sugar

Major Imports: Cars,Electronics,Consumer Goods,Machinery

National Anthem: Anaïs Pour Toujours(Anaïs Forever)

Currency: St.Anaïs Franc

The flag of St.Anaïs

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The islands tourism logo.

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St.Anaïs Franc

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St.Anaïs from the air

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History

The Collectivity of St.Anaïs( ah-nah-iss) was first founded by a group of Spanish colonists who discovered the islands in 1763.  Following their discovery the islands thrived under Spanish rule. Thousands of settlers came to the islands from Spain to start a new life. The soil was rich and fertile which resulted in the construction of many sucessful plantations. They called the islands, Islas del Paraíso(Islands of Paradise).  However, the years of peace and calm came to an end in 1790 when a fleet of French ships came into the harbour of Puerto Alegre(Now Franceville) and invaded the town. After weeks of vicious fighting the French defeated the Spanish and the Spaniards retreated back to Spain or to South America. Following the French takeover, the entire colony was renamed, St.Anaïs and the remaining Spaniards on the islands were taught French and worked on the plantations. The colonization of St.Anaïs was one of the most sucessful. Thanks to the islands location, resources and its beauty thousands of French settlers were attracted to the islands and St.Anaïs prospered. In 1890 a large group of islanders of Spanish descent demanded to be given their own island in which they could rule on their own. This was denied by the French government and in turn the descendents revolted and demanded autonomy of their culture. This revolution lasted until 1903 and during the time hundreds of the revolutionaries were arrested, deported and even executed. Following this the relations between the French and the Spanish became bitter for some time. In 1915 a famine overtook the islands and hundreds died of starvation. In addition to this the St.Anaïsien economy fell as well which made St.Anaïs one of the poorest territories in the Caribbean. In 1919, the French government intervened and began a number of projects which increased jobs and boosted the economy. The years following this were peaceful and St.Anaïs slowly began to rebuild itself. Then in the late 60's the St.Anaïsiens decided to demand independence from France. The French government denied their request and after many attempts a referendum was taken on June 15 1971 and the result was obvious, St.Anaïs voted on indepence. After numerous discussions and conflicts with France the territory was awarded full sovereignty on January 12 1972. Following their independence, St.Anaïs developed its own culture and the new nation became one of the most prosperous nations in the Caribbean. Today, the country attracts thousands of tourists annually thanks to St.Anaïs' beautiful scenery and interesting history.

People

St.Anaïsiens come from countless backgrounds and speak numerous languages however,the main ethnic groups are;

White 55%             

Black 20%

Mulatto 15%

Asian 5%

Languages

The two official languages of St.Anaïs are French and St.Anaïsien Creole (A mix of French, Spanish and African language). French is by far the most spoken language while Creole is not far behind. Other significant languages are Spanish, English and various West African dialects. Japanese, Mandarin and Tagalog are also becoming noticable due the growth in Asian immigrants.

Transportation

Air- There are two airports in St.Anaïs, Jean LaPierre International Airport in Côte Nord and Pointe-Blanche International Airport in the Pointe- Blanche Départissement. The nation has two airlines, Air Anaïs is the national carrier and has flights to North America, South America, and various Caribbean islands. Air Anaïs also operates a seasonal route from Jean LaPierre International to Paris. The other airline, Caraïbe Airways is a domestic carrier but also offers flights to neighbouring islands.           

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Ocean- Due to its location St.Anaïs is a popular hub for ship traffic. In addition to the countless cruise ships and freighters St.Anaïs operates a ferry company, Lignes Navire du St.Anaïs (St.Anaïs Ship Lines) offers various ferry routes around the islands.

Road- There are two main roadways in St.Anaïs, the M1 and the M2. The M1 is a road which runs from Côte Nord to Cap-Pélée on Île François and the M2 runs from Pointe-Blanche to Martineau on Île St.Hélène. In addition to the main roads many smaller ones branch off around of them. St.Anaïs also operates a bus line run by the L'Autobus Anaïs which operates routes on all the islands and in all the départissements. There is also a tram system in Franceville.

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Rail- Recently constructed in 2009 the rail network runs north to south on Île François. It is the fastest way to travel on the island and there are stations in Franceville,Piqinion,Afriqueville and Sangiers-Sur-Mer.

Culture

Thanks to the large influx of immigrants the St.Anaïsien culture is very diverse and blends French,Spanish and African influences. All around St.Anaïs Calypso, Flamenco,French and traditional African music can be heard. The country is also famous for it's summer music festival which is hosted in Franceville. The festival highlights the musical diversity of the country. St.Anaïs' cuisine is as equally diverse as well and blends ingredients from various ethnic backgrounds into mouthwatering dishes full of tropical flavor.

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