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Introduction: The Middle Ages and The Reconquista

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The Middle Ages and The Reconquista

Coat of arms of Isabella (Siccalium)
In 452, during the Hunnic invasions of Italy, the Roman garrison at Siccalium was removed from the island and sent to reinforce Rome. As of result of the Roman retreat from the island, the Greek citizens of Siccalium found themselves independent of foreign rule once again. 

A local Roman statesmen by the name of Virgilius Bassianus briefly set up a government after the Imperial garrison had departed to support and maintain the island state. Under his leadership and guidance, Siccalium managed to avoid the effects of the crumbling empire on the penninsula. He established a second city on the northern tip of the island named, Illenia. 

Culverin situated at the top of Castillo Saint-Julieta.

However his dynasty was brief and his great grandson Atilius was desposed by the citizens and a republic took the place of the Bassianic regime. For the next 400 years, the small island state of Siccalium managed to establish trade with the Visigoth kingdoms in Spain and the Abbasid Caliphs to the south.

Siccalium was invaded by the Berber Empire as stop along the way during their campaign against Spain. Previous to the Berber occupation, the island's religious convictions were split between Neo-Platonism and Latin Christianity. With the regime in place, Islam became the new state religion, although Christians remained a large portion of the population even after a few hundred years.

For the next 200 hundred years, Sikaliam (Siccalium) and its residence lived in relative peace with their Muslim overlords and maintained an amicable relationship with the government in Fez. 

However, as the Spanish Reconquista became more and more prominent, violence often abrupted in the streets of Sikaliam due to the influx of religious zealotry inspired by the reports of the events in Spain.

Finally, in 1493, a year after the Reconquista ended in victory for the Christians in Spain, the Moorish kings were driven out of Sikaliam by soldiers sent by King Ferdinand. The forces of the Aragonese soldiers were welcomed into the city as heroes and the Santo Gloria cathedral was built to commemorate the occasion. The city was renamed Isabella in honor of his first daughter. Just a few miles outside of Ailania (Illenia), King Ferdinand commissioned a fortress, Castillo Saint-Julieta, to be built to watch over the northern shores of the island.

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