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About this City Journal

A city under siege

Entries in this City Journal

Kim Sunwoo

The Final Chapter

The Final Chapter

Dear fellow simtropolers, this will be the final entry for the city journal of Leningrad.

I want to thank all of you for your amazing support in every single entry. It is always a great pleasure to read your opinions, feedback, and (why not admit it) praises. In this I can't complain, as you all have pushed Leningrad to the top spot of BTT 16 weeks in 2015!

The last picture I want to post is the first picture I uploaded. I had it in my mind for several weeks before I even had the idea of creating the city journal of Leningrad. In a way, it made it all possible.

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So what's next?

There was a city journal called Antarctica that I abandoned after 7 updates to start the project of Leningrad. In this months I decided that as soon as I have some free time I would reset the whole thing and start from the beginning with more detail and care.

Urban development is going to be one of the key areas of the new Antarctica, showing you the whole process, from the briefing to the construction; from the master plan to the reality.

Photoshop is coming back and I will be using it a lot in the adventures to come (don't want to spoil the fun yet!).

And last but not least, how can a city exists without its little and not-so-little stories? The Sims 3 will again be my tool to show you what happens inside the houses and in the streets of Alexandria.

This is the Preface and first entry, posted again with some reworks and adjustments:

ANTARCTICA

Kim Sunwoo

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"- Am I at Smolny?
- Yes, this is Smolny"

- Lieutenant Sukhomlin interrogates a guard, not being able to recognize any building in the area due to street defences and camouflage

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9/9/1941 - In this picture we see several low-medium wealth buildings in the historical area of Peski, east of Suvorovskiy Prospekt. The name of "Peski", meaning "Sands", describes the nature of the soil.
The streets are full of wooden boards protecting shop windows, and everywhere there are Soviet posters attempting to rise the morale of the citizens. Two buildings have been destroyed during the last barrage, one north of 5-ya Sovetskaya Ulitsa and the other south of 4-ya Sovetskaya Ulitsa.

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An example of Soviet propaganda; it reads "destroy the German monster".

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Nevsky Prospekt showing wooden boards on every store window.

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9/9/1841 - A hundred years before the first picture was taken, the Church of the Nativity was the centerpiece of Peski. Sadly, Soviet authorities ordered its destruction in 1937 and today only the name of the square remembers its location. Horizontal streets in this historical area were numbered 1 to 9 Nativity Street, but they were re-baptised as 1-9 Sovetskaya Ulitsa (Soviet Street).

Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

I hope you enjoyed both the huge mosaic and the old-fassioned picture :-)
I'd also like to mention that a some years ago it was announced that the Church of the Nativity was going to be rebuilt in the exact same location were it once stood. If you check Google Earth you'll find the square fenced and most of the park gone.

Looking forward to read your comments!

Kim Sunwoo

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"No, I have forgotten nothing,
but even the dead and the victims
will rise
from the grave at your call.
We will all rise, and not I alone"

- Olga Berggolts, about her Motherland

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5/5/1941 - Smolny Institute serves as headquarters for the Soviet Party in Leningrad. All important members of the city council have their offices in the building, and the defense of the city is directed from here.

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Long before Smolny Institute became Lenin's residence in 1917, the building had been comissioned as the Institute for Noble Maidens, a significant step in making education available for females in Russia.

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5/8/1941 - Being one of the favourite targets of the German Artillery, Smolny Institute was soon covered with a camouflage net

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Andrei Zhdanov, leader of the Soviet Party in Leningrad. He has the leading role in the defense of the city.

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28/7/1941 - The impressive Smolny Convent, built between 1748 and 1764 to house Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great, after she decided to become a nun. The church was closed in 1923 by the Soviet authorities and it's been in decay ever since then.

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A 1600x900 wallpaper featuring both the Smolny convent and the institute (click to enlarge).

Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

For this update I have probably invested more hours than ever in Lot Editor and Photoshop, and the truth is that I'm quite happy with the result. The okrug of Smolny is one of the most beautiful in modern Saint Petersburg, but during the siege it was a real fortress. I will show you more in the next updates :-)

Looking forward to read your opinions and feedback!

Kim Sunwoo

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"My son sleeps in a bomb shelter
and knows the sound of the air raid sirens
as well as the words "to talk" and "to eat".
There's no good news; not yet.

But we will wait. We will fight"

- Vera Ketlinskaya, radio broadcast on October 19th

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8/9/1941 - A wave of German Junkers has dropped several thousand of bombs in Tsentralny, more intensively in the area of Smolny and its surroundings. In this picture we see an inmense hole on the ground caused by the explosion of a 1.000 pounds bomb. Almost 70 metres below the surface appears Chernyshevskaya station. Construction of the metro began in January, but it had to be halted at the outbreak of the war.

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28/10/1941 - Bolshoy Dom ("The Big House") is the headquarters of the NKVD (People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs) and the recently created NKGB (People's Commissariat for State Security). Since the beginning of the war almost everyone is suspicious of cooperating with the enemy. Even though the building has suffered damage from shelling, another execution has taken place in the courtyard.

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This famous poster by the NKGB reads "Pay attention, these days the walls are listening. Close from chatter and gossip to treason. Do not talk!"

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18/9/1941 - As soon as the Leningraders hear the air raid sirens they all run to the nearest underground shelter. While the German aviation dominates the skies, thousands of people live their lives beneath the streets of the city. In this picture we see the entrance to one of these shelters, just behind Kuybyshev Hospital near Liteyny Prospekt.

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Women and children entering a bomb shelter.

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10/7/1941 - The Holy Transfiguration Cathedral is located in Preobrazhenskaya Square, not far from Chernyshevskaya station. An air-raid shelter for 500 people has been constructed in the basement, where first aid can be given to the wounded.

Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

To preserve historical accuracy I must admit that Chernyshevskaya metro station had not been built yet by the time of the siege. However I wanted to show you that there were actually some tunels and rails already built under the city, that during the war were used as shelters. I had that image of the sunken station in my wish list and I wanted to give it some credible background.

Again, I hope you enjoyed and I'm eager to read your comments and opinions :-D
See you next week!

Kim Sunwoo

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"I have taken over command.
Report to the High Command
that I propose to proceed more
actively than my predecessor"

- Georgi Zhukov

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Georgi Zhukov, the toughest troubleshooter in the Red Army, the man who had been Chief of Staff at the war's outbreak, and who was now facing the most difficult assignment in his career. (quote from "The 900 Days" by Harrison E. Salisbury)

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13/09/1941 - Zhukov took off from Moscow's Vnukovo airport in a Lisunov-2 transport plane, escorted by three fighters. One of them has already been downed by a German Messerschmitt, and another one has been hit in the wing. In the picture we see two German Stuka dive bombers trying to leave the scene, but the one on top of the picture has not been fast enough.

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Red Army officials in Leningrad feared Zhukov as much as they feared the Nazis. He never took a no for an answer and would threaten anyone who questioned a direct order.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

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I hope you will excuse me if you find this update too short. Most of the content has been in my PC for several weeks now, and I wanted to publish it before resuming my work in Leningrad. The update of the website has also been a great excuse to have some rest :-)

My goal is still to entertain you and myself telling the story of the city by combinating the power of SC4 and Photoshop!

Kim Sunwoo

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“Over the city of Lenin,
the cradle of the Proletarian Revolution,
there looms the immediate danger of the invading enemy”

- Andrei Zhdanov

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18/9/1941 - War Stories (Vol 1)

1) Top of the picture we see two trams runing Nevsky Prospekt, one of the few lines that are still working during the siege. Network damage and the need of manpower for the war effort has caused that public transport services have been severely reduced.

2) Scrolling down slowly we find a building that has been hit during the last barrage. A large section of the roof has been lost to the impact of a shell, and the rooms of the top floor are now visible from the sky.

3) Further down we notice that there's a restricted area in 3-ya Sovetskaya Ulitsa. Behind the wooden boards, some soldiers are trying to disable a German delay-action bomb. Conveniently, on the building to the left there's a huge poster of Lenin that reads "everything for the defense of Lenin's city".

4) 50 metres from there, a tank heading to the outskirts passes next to a crater opened in the ground by the explosion of a bomb. It has killed four people.

5) The last part of the picture shows a public garden now under control of the Red Army. Swings have been removed and two anti-aircraft guns have been installed. Two soldiers control each gun, one for communications and aiming, the other for shooting.

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An example of network damage.

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An example of a delay-action bomb restricted area.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

This time I wanted to show you something a little bit different from the usual stuff. With this gigantic close-up mosaic I wanted to bring to life the siege of Leningrad and the everyday stories that took place in the streets of the city.

I'm planing to do more of these, so I'd be more than happy to know what do you think of it!

Kim Sunwoo

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"Never had so valuable a train been loaded.
Half a million treasures had been dispatched.
A million more still awaited exit”

- Harrison E. Salisbury

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27/6/1941 - Moscow Station in Vosstaniya Square. Some Leningraders still call it October Station, the name it bore from 1924 to 1930 (it had been Nicholaevsky Station since 1851). Security has increased since the outbreak of war. Several soldiers and a tank guard every entrance to the building, and another two anti-aicraft guns have been installed around the statue of Alexander III of Russia, making a total of four.

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Soldiers loading trucks with boxes full of masterpieces from the Hermitage. Director Orbeli has gotten away with it, and the humungous train that has arrived to the October Station to move units of the great Kirov defense plant will now be used for the evacuation of the Hermitage.

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27/6/1941 - Inside Moscow Station during the evacuation of the Hermitage museum. Two passenger cars are stationed in platform number 1, the first for the workers and the second for the military guard. As we scroll down the picture we see two locomotives and two flatcars with anti-aircraft guns which will later be attached to the train. In the freight terminal, 22 cars are being loaded with the treasures from the Hermitage. Special attention to the the armoured car in the third line, identified with a red star; it contains the work of Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dick, Da Vinci, Velazquez, El Greco, Murillo, and others.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

While working on this entry I realized that I made a mistake in Dvortsovy II. I included the statue of Alexander III in the image of the Marble Palace. However, as we can see in the first picture of this update, the statue was in the middle of Vosstaniya Square. Several years later it was transfered to its current location in the Marble Palace, and replaced by the Hero City Obelisk that commemorates the victory in World War II. Just for fun I decided to re-edit the picture as a window to the future, mixing the atmosphere of 1941 and the monument of 1990.

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Your feedback and comments are very much appreciated. Hope that you enjoyed this update :-)

Kim Sunwoo

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"Here was the fence around our childhood home,
here stood the great rustling maple...
I went to the front through the days of my childhood,
along the streets where I ran to school”

- Olga Berggolts

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8/11/1941 - The day after the great bombardment, Alexandrinsky Theatre woke up amidst the smoke from a great fire in Ekaterininskiy Garden. The statue of Catherine the Great was witness to the explosion of a small bomb just 50 metres away from her pedestal.

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8/11/1841 - A century before the previous picture was taken, Alexandrinsky Square looked very different, with romantic carriages driving through cobblestone roads. Notice how the buildings to the top left of the image had not yet been built.

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This propaganda poster invites the Leningraders to contribute to the victory joining the fight in the front.

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25/10/1941 - Lomonosovsky Square is a small garden in the rondabout that connects Ulitsna Lomonosova, Stepanovskiy Prospekt and Ulitsa Zodchego Rossi. This last street takes to Alexandrinskiy Square. The building in the corner has suffered heavy damage from an artillery shell.

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Now that their homes have been destroyed, hundreds of thousands Leningraders will have nowhere to hide from the winter.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

I hope you enjoyed this update, and again, next week we'll me moving to a new okrug ;-)

Kim Sunwoo

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"Even the columns of the Kazan cathedral
no longer looked like elephants' feet
ready to crush the human ants that run
this way and that way, trying to escape

- Helen Dunmore, describing the vulnerability of Leningrad in the eve of war

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13/7/1941 - Kazan Cathedral was modelled after Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome, and dedicated to Our Lady of Kazan. After the victory against Napoleon, the cathedral was perceived as a memorial. Two bronze statues of Kutuzov and Barclay de Tolly were placed in front of each wing of the building.

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Training lessons for the fire platoon in Nevsky Prospekt, near Kazan Cathedral.

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20/12/1941 - One of the most famous events of the postwar took place when poetess Anna Akhmatova wrote about pigeons in the square before Kazan Cathedral. A working girl sent a letter to the local newspaper accusing her of ignorance of Leningrad in the blockade, because there had been no pigeons in front of the cathedral during the siege, not there or anywhere else in the city. They had all been eaten.

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Civilians browsing Soviet propaganda in Kazan Cathedral. The poster to the right reads "all in defense of Leningrad".

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17/10/1941 - A Stuka dive bomber is about to crash in Grivoyedov canal, just in front of the Singer House. This iconic corner building was intended to replicate the Singer skyscrapper in New York, but no structure in Leningrad was allowed to be taller than the Winter Palace. It was renamed "The House of Books" in 1938, and the library remains open during the siege.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

Another wallpaper of one of the most impressive landmarks of the city (res 1600x900 px).

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I know there is less variety of pictures in this update, but still I hope you will enjoy them.

As always, your comments and feedback are highly appreciated :-D

Kim Sunwoo

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"Each must firmly look the danger in the eye
and declare that if today he does not fight
bravely and selflessly in defense of the city
then tomorrow he will lose his honor and freedom,
his native home, and become a German slave”

- Andrei Alexandrovich Zhdanov, head of the Leningrad party

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8/4/1942 - The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood was built between 1883 and 1907, costing 4.5 million rubles, in the exact location where the Tsar Alexander II was mortally wounded. Now it's being used as a temporary morgue for those who die in combat and from starvation and illness.

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During the war, Mikhailovsky Palace was covered with a camouflage net, and the statue of Lenin hidden behind wooden boards.

Although this was the main building of the State Russian Museum, other important landmarks are also assigned to this institution: the Summer Palace (see entry Dvortsovy II), the Marble Palace (see entry Dvortsovy II), Saint Michael's Castle (continue reading), and Stroganov Palace (wait to see in the next entry).

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20/7/1941 - The State Russian Museum was estabilished in 1895. The main building is the splendid Mikhailovsky Palace, which we can see in this image. Two trucks loaded with wooden boards have just arrived to the scene. Their cargo will be used to protect the statue of Lenin sitting in front of the entrance.

If you scroll down the picture you will also see Mikhailovsky Square and the statue of Pushkin.

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10/9/1941 - Saint Michael's Castle was built as a fortress for Emperor Paul I. Ironically he was killed in his own bedroom only a few days after construction was completed.

Today a military drill is taking place in the inner patio. A few Red Army soldiers are using an old tank to teach the volunteers how to fight German armoured divisions in case they enter the city.

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A group of young boys show their curiosity around a German tank that has been captured in the front and brought into the city.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

I want to show you a couple of wallpapers that I made featuring two of the most beautiful landmarks in the old Leningrad and today's Saint Petersburg (res 1600x900 px).

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And finally, I want to join the celebration of the 70th Anniversary of the Soviet victory. I hate politics; I respect history.

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Kim Sunwoo

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"About face... quick march! To Siberia!"

- Emperor Paul, enraged by the performance of a regiment at one parade in the Field of Mars. The terrified soldiers knew they were pardoned when they reached Novgorod.

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5/4/1941 - The Field of Mars has had many names during its history. The Great Meadow, Amusement Field (1720s), Tsarina's Meadow (1740s), and The Place of the Victims of the Revolution (1917). Bordering it to the north is Suvorova Square, with the imponent statue of Mars looking towards Trinity Bridge.

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During the winter of 1941 the field was buried under one metre of snow. The Red Army installed several anti-aircraft guns to fight the German aviation.

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3/5/1942 - In 1942 the Field of Mars was comepletely covered with vegetable gardens to supply the starving Leningrad. You will notice that the statues of the Trinity Bridge have been removed and the road is now blocked by sandbags. The statue of Mars is buried in sand and the building to the right of Suvurova Square has been damaged.

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2/9/1941 - The Marble Palace sits to the north of the Field of Mars, close to Suvurova Square. This image was taken from the east, so if we pay close attention we can see the equestrian statue of Alexander III in front of the main entrance.

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8/7/1941 - The Summer Palace was the diminutive residence of Peter the Great, built in 1710 in the bank of the Fontanka river. It sits in the north-east corner of the Summer Garden, next to the Field of Mars. A delicate iron-cast railing, separating the park from the public walk of the Palace Embankment, was installed between 1771 and 1784 to a design by Georg von Veldten.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENT]----------------------------------

Next week I'll bring two "heavyweight" landmarks from Leningrad, one of them closely related to the Summer Palace ^^

Thank you for your continous support!

Kim Sunwoo

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"Napoleon, if I’m not mistaken, attacked Russia
also in June —was it the twenty-fourth of June?
"

- Iosif Orbeli, great Director of the Hermitage

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8/7/1941 - The magnificent Winter Palace and the Hermitage along the Neva embankment.

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Iosif Orbeli, director of the Hermitage, surrounded by the largest collection of paintings in the World. More than two million treasures to save and so little time to do it. Without the authorization from Moscow he told the guards to close the museum halls and admit no more visitors. The evacuation could not be delayed any longer.

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1/7/1941 - The tons of boxes containing 500.000 articles had been stacked in the great Hermitage Hall. Now the soldiers are loading them in trucks, some already leaving in an endless column beside the Winter Palace and the Hermitage.

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Most of the paintings were removed from their frames to facilitate transportation. Now frames rest in the floor waiting for the day they will be used again.

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2/9/1941 - For many nights no bombs fell on the Winter Palace or the Hermitage, but the rain of shrapnel from AA guns crackled and sparkled like heat lightning on the vast pavement of Palace Square. Surrounded by craters opened by German artillery, Alexander Column stands still while several T-34 tanks pass under the arch of the General Staff Building.

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18/8/1941 - This garden was created in 1896 for Tsaritsa Alexandra Feodorova. She found the public access to exterior facades of the palace disconcerting, and disliked the way that the public would stare at the windows of the private apartments in the western part of the palace.

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During the siege, citizens came to the Winter Palace or Hermitage to take surreal tours of the empty frames. During these, the curators would describe each picture that would have been in the frame in detail.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[AUTHOR'S COMMENTS]----------------------------------

I considered the possibility of editing the Palace Square picture full of nazi flags during an army parade, reproducing the hypotetical celebration that would have taken place if the city had fell to the Germans. However, I thought that since that was not an historical event it could be inapropiate, plus the nazi symbology is strictly forbidden in some countries. To avoid controversy I chose not to do it. It was not necessary after all, and probably even contrary to the spirit of this City Journal, which is the survival of the city.

The amazing pictures inside the Hermitage were posted by gnossienne in tumblr.

Kim Sunwoo

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"There would be no victory parade past the Winter Palace,
no reviewing stand in Palace Square,
no ceremonial banquet in the Hotel Astoria
"

- Harrison E. Salisbury (about Hitler plans for Leningrad)

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5/5/1941 - The original design of the Admiralty Building was a fortified shipard surrounded by five bastions and a moat. In the nineteeth century it was re-built as headquarters for the Admiralty board of the Russian navy, and thus became one of the most iconic landmarks in the city of Leningrad.

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15/5/1941 - Western side of the Admiralty building, featuring yellow walls and white columns. If the picture was longer we could see the Bronze Horseman in Senate Square (see update Admiralteyskiy III).

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The fountain just in front of the Admiralty Building is the intersection point of three major avenues: Voznesenskiy Prospekt, Gorokhovaya Ulitsa, and Nevsky Prospekt.

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7/8/1941 - Several attempts were made to camouflage the spire of the Admiralty with a net thrown from a barrage balloon. All of them were unsuccesful.

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The city council turned to Olga Firsova, conductor of the children's choir at the Kirov Palace of Culture and experienced alpinist. She recruited another two young girls and undertook the task of painting the spire of the Admiralty in dull warship grey.

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4/11/1941 - A hundred metres to the South of the Admiralty Building, and next to Saint Isaak's Cathedral, we find the Lobanov-Rostovsky Palace. Its facade is quite similar to that of the Admiralty.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[MY COMMENTS]----------------------------------

It's just me or the picture of Olga Firsova climbing the spire also sends shivers down your spine?

This is the last entry of Admiralteyskiy Okrug. In the next update we're not only moving to a new okrug, but also to a new district. The name of Tsentralny probably doesn't say much, but if I mention the Hermitage museum, Kazan Cathedral, Church of the Saviour, Smolny Cathedral, Nevsky Prospekt... does it ring a bell? :golly:

Kim Sunwoo

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"Go to the baths. Put on your white dresses.
Eat the funeral dishes. Lie down in your coffins
and prepare for death. On November 7 the skies
will be blue with the explosion of German bombs
"

- German leaflets thrown in Leningrad

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1/11/1941 - Anticipating the Bolshevik Revolution aniversary, a rain of German leaflets fell on the city since early November. This was the second time they asked women to dress in white. The previous time they promised women wouldn't be hurt if they did so, and those who believed it provided an excellent target for German aircraft.

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7/11/1941 - November 7 was the aniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution, the big Soviet holiday, and the Germans had been preparing for this day. At dawn, bombs started to fall in the city. These were not ordinary high explosives. These were heavier than anything the Germans had used on Leningrad before; naval magnetic mines, weighing a ton or more, with a diameter of nine or ten feet, attached to parachutes.

In the picture we also see a blue flare apparently shot from the second floor of the building in the corner, south of Griboyedov Canal. Rumors of Nazi activity flooded the city. It was suspected that traitors were using rockets and flares to guide Nazi bombers. This was never proven, but Leningraders were sure about it.

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More than 10.000 people died in the air raids of September, October and November. Destruction, death and hunger knocked everyday at the door of the Leningraders.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

----------------------------------[CREDITS]----------------------------------

This is my favourite update so far. I had it in mind since the day I started the CJ, so I really hope you will enjoy it.

Looking forward to read your thoughts!

Kim Sunwoo

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"Let him remember an ordinary girl,
and hear how she sings.
Let him preserve the Motherland,
same as Katyusha preserves their love"

- Katyusha, Lyrics

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This is a short entry, but to fully experience it I'd like to ask you to play the song in the video while looking at the pictures. The song Katyusha was played often in Leningrad to encourage the army and the population. Can you feel it?

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27/9/1941 - The "Bridge of the Kisses" crosses the Moyka River and takes Glinki street to the back side of the Naval Museum. At the front door several trucks are being loaded with legacy guns and rifles. The shortage of weapons in the Red Army is so alarming that even flintlocks and muzzle-loaders are being taken from museum walls.

As we scroll down the picture we find another example of a roundabout turned into an anti-aircraft post. Everyone in the neighbourhood has got used to the noise of artillery fire. After two months of war, this sound is now part of their lives.

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Most volunteers from "The Popular Draft" didn't have proper weapons or ammunition. It was common to see unarmed soldiers waiting for a colleage to fall in the front so he could get his rifle and keep fighting.

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28/9/1941 - A 200kg bomb has hit the right wing of Nicholas Palace. This once marvelous and luxurious building faces its second catastrophe after the Bolsheviks destroyed some parts of the original construction and renamed it Palace of Labour.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

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This update has been automatically scheduled because I'm traveling. If someone commented the previous entry in the meantime he will see I didn't answer to him in the replies section. I just want to let him now it was not intentional and that I'll come back to you in the next entry :)

Kim Sunwoo

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"And all the night the madman, poor,
where'er he might direct his steps,
aft him the Bronze Horseman, for sure,
keeps on the heavy-treading race"

- A.S. Pushkin, extract from The Bronze Horseman poem

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14/1/1913 - The Embassy of Germany the day it was officially opened. Several members of the community criticized the Teutonic style of the building as being hostile to the architectural style of the city.

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23/8/1941 - The impressive statues of Castor and Pollux were lost in 1914, when the angry crowd stormed the building and torched the throne room. Today the facade shows heavy damage from German artillery fire. Being used now as a hospital, the hole in the roof has been covered with wooden boards.

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Anti-aircraft guns and machine gun posts in the Northern shore of the Neva river. In the distance we see Saint Isaac's Cathedral and the Senate and Synod building.

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15/7/1941 - Hotel Anglaterre. The First World War prevented its demolition when it was planed that the Astoria would be expanded mirrowing the existing building. Parked near the entrance there are three official Gaz-M1 cars.

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2/8/1941 - The Senate and Synod building; a magnificent piece of architecture serving as storage for the Russian State Historical Archive. Just crossing Senatskaya Avenue we find the statue of Peter the Great, also know as the Bronze Horseman after Pushkin's poem. Oddly enough, the statue is aligned to that of Nicholas I and they are almost at identical distance from Saint Isaac's Cathedral.

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The Bronze Horseman has been protected with wood and sand. This was less risky than the first proposal, which was to sink it to the bottom of the Neva river, as had been planned at the time of Napoleon's invasion of Russia.

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30/8/1941 - The Senate and Synod building as seen from the Neva river. To the top left of the picture we see the statue of Peter hidden in a great sandbox. To the bottom, a gunboat patrols the river very close to the shore.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

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I'd like to dedicate this entry to Odainsaker, whose feedback in the previous update has inspired half of the content featured in this one.

Thank you all for commenting, it is a strong encouragement to have the support of so many people :)

Kim Sunwoo

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"Bow down in worship, humble and alone,
bow lowly down before the sacred sight
of man's Divinity alive in stone"

- Claude McKay (about Saint Isaac's Cathedral)

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15/5/1941 - Saint Isaac's Cathedral (Isaakievskiy Sobor) before the war. It's dome made of pure gold rises 100 metres over Leningrad. In front of the building the gardens of Saint Isaac's Square honour the Soviet hammer and sickle. To the right of the picture we see the famous Hotel Astoria, and to the South, Nicholas I stands his endless watch from his bronze horse.

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Barrage balloons were grounded and transported during the day and rised during the night. Their obective was to damage enemy aircraft or at least difficult their approach to the key city targets.

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To prevent starvation the gardens of Saint Isaac's Square now provide cabbage and other vegetables for the people. In the picture we see two women collecting the crops and a soldier examinating the product.

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27/7/1941 - Saint Isaac's Cathedral (Isaakievskiy Sobor) during the war. The golden dome is being painted in grey to avoid attracting attention from enemy aircraft. Three barrage balloons are being taken South from the embankment. A plantation of cabbage and a lookout have taken the place of the gardens. Hotel Astoria is serving as a hospital, and the equestrian statue of Nicholas I has been camouflaged with boards.

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Two heavy anti-aircraft guns guarding the approach to Saint Isaac's Square in one of the most famous pictures of the war.

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22/5/1942 - At the other side of the Blue Bridge, the widest bridge in the world, sits Mariinsky Palace. Several Red Army soldiers and a T-34 tank protect the entrance to the building.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

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You can't imagine how much I enjoyed working and documenting this update. I'm happy with the result, but please feel free to comment with your impressions. Just curious, do you preffer the pacific scene or the war scene? :)

Kim Sunwoo

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"Over our happiness circles a bird of prey,
but in a stern, unbending formation
people fight for life, for honor, for friendship,
for their motherland, sacred, theirs..."

- Viktor Gusev

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Several Messerschmitt fighters have taken off from Tallinn and head towards Leningrad from the south. Their objetive is to ensure air superiority and to spread fear among the population.

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22/9/1941 - The Luftwaffe has penetrated deep north of Kolomna and approaches Sudomekh submarine shipyard (also known as Shipyard No. 196). Submarines K-1, K-21 and K-22 of the Northern fleet are stationed there today.

To the top of the picture we see the Set Workshops and Hall of the Board of the Imperial Theatres, seemingly harmless but secretly building dummy tanks for the Red Army.

Facing the Moyka river, to the right of the image we see the left wing of Palace of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

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I hope you enjoyed this large mosaic that I created as closure for Kolomna. I was about to include a speed-editing video as making-of, but in the end I thought it could be a bit off-topic for a CJ. For those curious, it took 3.45h and comprises 115 layers.

Now I will continue with Admiralteyskiy okrug (featured already in the third entry) home of Saint Isaac Cathedral, Decembrist Square, Mariinsky Theatre, and Admiralty building. Stay tuned ;-)

Kim Sunwoo

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"This was the winter capital,
the capital of snow and ice,
the sparkling city of frost"

- Harrison E. Salisbury

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31/10/1941 - At an unprecedently early date, the streets of Leningrad are covered by 10 centimetres of snow. In this picture we see the Holy Church Isidorovskaya, located at the cross of Rimskovo-Korsakova and Lermontovskiy Prospekt.

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The harsh winter has hit the city hard. The first symptoms are trapped vehicles and frozen pipes.

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15/11/1941 - Griboyedov Canal (previosly known as Catherine Canal) has frozen near Alarchin Bridge. In the picture we also see several people trying to shovel the snow off the road as a bus struggles in Rimskovo-Korsakova.

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7/11/1941 - Jewish community meets in Grand Choral Synagogue, the second largest in Europe. Snow is a minor problem compared to what awaits them if the Nazis take the city.

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Leningrad faces the winter with a manpower over two million people. Soldiers, firefighters, snow plowers, trench diggers, industrial workers... The city needs every citizen in order to survive the siege.

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2/11/1941 - Voskresenskiy Square, between Volodi Ermaka and Drovyanoy Avenue, appears almost unrecognizable. Its ancient trees now serve to camouflage anti-aircraft guns installed by the Red Army.

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Despite all the hardships, some everyday scenes seem to ignore the war. In this picture we see a soldier buying tickets for Shostakovich's Seventh Symphony in 1942.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

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Kim Sunwoo

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"Rise up, mighty land,
rise up for the deadly battle...
Let noble anger
boil like a wave
"

- Red Army song

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18/9/1941 - Cruiser Maxim Gorky moves up the Neva river to provide artillery support for the Soviet forces. As we scroll down the picture we see some of the warehouses and buildings of the Admiralty Shipyard. Mist also make an appearance in this September morning.

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Doesn't matter how many buildings have been destroyed or how many lives have been lost. Zhdanov has asked the people to defend every neighborhood, every street, and every house. The enemy will not enter.

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24/7/1941 - Unfinished heavy cruiser Lützow in the dry docks of the Admiralty Shipyard (also known as Soviet Shipyard No.194). The ship was purchased from Germany in 1940 and Nazi technicians were assisting in its construction prior to the attack.

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Destroyer Opytny fires one of its main guns at the enemy. The whole of the Baltic Fleet has entered the Neva river to support the defending troops.

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15/9/1941 - City Psychiatric Hospital No.2 (Hospital Dedicated to Saint Nicholas the Miracle Worker for Mental Patients) has suffered heavy damage in the left wing due to its proximity to the Admiralty Shipyard facilities, a sweet target for the German aviation.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

Kim Sunwoo

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"Let this tale live forever
In our hearts, forever heard!
Let its memory be our conscience
"

- Olga Bergoltts

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27/7/1941 - Statues are being covered throughout the city to protect them from bombing. In front of Lesgaft Akademy the monument to the Russian physician prepares itself to spend several months behind a wooden shield.

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15/8/1941 - Abandoned since the Russian Revolution, New Holland Island and it's XVIII century buildings serve now as military barracks and warehouses. In the picture we see the famous arch of New Holland guarded by two soldiers.

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This propaganda poster presents the forces of Leningrad by order of importance; army, navy, industrial workers, and citizens. In the background we see the factories of Kolomna, Saint Isaac Cathedral, and the Admiralty building. The text reads "we will defend the city of Lenin".

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The only music that can be heard in the streets of Leningrad is the anti-aircraft fire and the sirens announcing the arrival of enemy aircraft.

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12/9/1941 - A german bomber has been hit by anti-aircraft fire north of Kolomna. The gun was protecting an improvised ammunition store next to a football field.

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18/9/1941 - The Set Workshops and Hall of the Board of the Imperial Theatres has been severely damaged during the air raids of September. All sets and props in storage have been lost or are unusable.

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In just one month the extent of the damage is incalculable. Some parts of the city are unrecognizable.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

Kim Sunwoo

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"Beat, heart!
Hammer away, no matter how tired.
Listen!
The city has sworn that the enemy will not enter
"

- Olga Bergoltts

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2/7/1941 - A barrage balloon suspended over Saint Nicholas Cathedral. There are two soldiers stationed at the entrance and another three operating two anti-aircraft guns at the other side of the fence. Griboyedov Canal flows unaware of the horrors to come.

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Since September 1941 the city of Lenin looks at the sky with fear and anger. There are anti-aircraft guns everywhere.

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21/9/1941 - Rimsky-Korsakov Leningrad Conservatory is the oldest higher music institution in the Soviet Union. It was evacuated to Tashkent the night of August 22nd, just before the German bombers attacked Mga railroad station and blocked Leningrad. In the picture we see a huge bomb crater in Glinki Street, just in front of the building.

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"Citizens! During artillery bombardment this side of the street is specially dangerous". German artillery fired from the South, so it was common to see signs like this in the Northern side of the streets.

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22/6/1941 - The day Germany attacked the Soviet Union Mariinsky Threatre featured Romeo and Juliet. Authorities have attended the ballet in their official black Gaz-M1 cars. To the right of the picture a T-34 tank is being transported to the front.

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22/6/1941 - Mobilization points swarmed with volunteers; 100.000 the first day, 212.000 within a week. Leningraders were rising in patriotic anger to meet the German threat.

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Hundreds of thousands enlisted The Popular Draft, an army of volunteers commanded by unexperienced officers who were removed every few weeks. Most of these soldiers were unprepared and many even unarmed.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

Kim Sunwoo

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"It was the place at which Russia faded into infinity,
the boundless sea, the invisible barrier
between the end of Russia and the beginning of Europe"

- Harrison E. Salisbury

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9/9/1941 - A building in Kanala Grivoyedova bursts into flames in the middle of the night. Having released its deadly cargo a Ju 88 bomber of the Luftwaffe leaves the horrific scene.

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Twenty-four-hour round-the-clock watch was established on the roofs of most buildings. These fire fighters were mainly women and their duty was to remove anything burnable from the attics of the city.

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25/6/1941 - The famous Egyptian Bridge used to carry Lermontoskiy Prospekt over Fontanka River. It collapsed in 1905 but its obelisks and sphinxes are preserved intact in the northern side.

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On the 19th of September 276 German bombers hit the city killing more than 1.000 civilians. Five hospitals were damaged and several buildings destroyed.

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5/9/1941 - A Yak-1 fighter has managed to make an emergency landing in Lermontoskiy Prospekt. Another aircraft of the same squadron flies over the avenue with a damaged wing. Patriotic murals can be seen both in the wall to the right and the one to the top of the picture.

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27/6/1941 - Three barrage balloons are being transported to be placed over Saint Nicholas Cathedral. On each side of the road there is an anti-aircraft gun pointing eastwards.

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Anti-air balloons have taken the streets in the absence of cars. Leningraders are busy protecting the windows with wooden boards. On the upper floors we see they've used paper strips to prevent shattering.

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Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.

Kim Sunwoo

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15/9/1941 - A downed Stuka dive-bomber in Reki Fontanki. Taken down by anti-aircraft fire the plane has fallen on the ground and slided several metres before crashing into a street light. A military truck full of soldiers hurries up to examinate the wreckage.

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Most Soviet aircraft in Leningrad were inoperative and recuperating parts from the fallen enemy planes was an important task for the engineers.

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26/9/1941 - Hospitals were a common target for the German aviation during the war. This one in Sadovaya street has received a direct hit and 42 people have died. Most of the facade is destroyed but we can still see a Soviet poster in the corner reminding everyone that every man is a soldier in Leningrad.

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6/8/1941 - Food rationing began in July 1941. In this picture we see a crowd of people in Turgeneva Square waiting to receive their ration cards. Several soldiers are present to guarantee security. Each ration consists of 800 grams of bread.

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12/9/1941 - Nazi heavy artillery has opened a crater in Kanala Griboyedova. Soldiers and volunteers are using pumps to drain the hole. Few metres to the right another shell has caused damage to the pavement. Nearby a wall poster reads "Death to child killers!".

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Soviet propaganda was common in the most devastated areas of the city. In this example we see a mother holding her dead son in her arms; in the background several houses are burning. The claim is the same than in the previous picture: "Death to child killers!".

Disclaimer: This CJ includes original photos taken during the siege. To my knowledge none of them is protected by copyright, but if I were wrong I'm happy to delete any picture that infringes the law.