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Munster

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About this City Journal

Welcome in Munster

Entries in this City Journal

pasqualegiò

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Name:Munster

Official Name: Independent Republic of Munster (IRM)

National Motto: The freedom is the only way to progress

National Athem: We are the glory

Capital: Cork City

Population: 1.245.097 (2012)

Area: 24.786 km2

HDI: 0.898

Nominal GDP: 45.114.844.698 $

GDP percapita: 36.234$

Government: Parliamentary Republic

President: George Mc'Onnell

First Minister: Elia Fergain (PFM)

Principal Import/Export partners: U.K., Histalpol,Ireland, U.S.A.,Leeonia, Sainte-Croix

Internet Domain: .RM

Drives on the: Left

Currency: Munsters Pound

Calling Code: +349

Main economic resources,agriculture,service Industry,pharmaceuticals

History

Ancient History

In the early centuries AD, Munster was the domain of the Iverni and the legendary Clanna Dedad led by Cú Roí and to whom the celebrated Conaire Mór also belonged. During the Early Middle Ages, most of the area was part of the Kingdom of Munster, ruled by the Eóganachta dynasty. Prior to this date, the area was ruled by the Dáirine and Corcu Loígde overlords from the early 7th century onwards, perhaps beginning with the notable career of Faílbe Flann mac Áedo Duib. Later rulers from the Eóganachta who would dominate a greater part of Ireland were Cathal mac Finguine and Feidlimid mac Cremthanin. Notable regional kingdoms and lordships of Early Medieval Munster were Iarmuman (West Munster), Osraige (Ossory), Uí Liatháin, Uí Fidgenti, Éile, Múscraige, Ciarraige Luachra, Corcu Duibne, Corcu Baiscinn, and Déisi Muman. By the 9th century the Gaels had been joined by Norse Vikings who founded towns such as Cork, Waterford and Limerick, for the most part incorporated into a maritime empire by the Dynasty of Ivar, who periodically would threaten Munster with conquest in the next century. Around this period Ossory broke away from Munster. The 10th century saw the rise of the Dalcassians (probably descendants of the ancient Mairtine, a sept of the Iverni/Érainn), who had earlier annexed Thomond, north of the Shannon to Munster. Their leaders were the ancestors of the O'Brien dynasty and spawned Brian Bóruma, perhaps the most noted High King of Ireland, and several of whose descendants were also High Kings. By 1118 Munster had fractured into the Kingdom of Thomond under the O'Briens, the Kingdom of Desmond under the MacCarthy dynasty (Eóganachta), and the short-lived Kingdom of Ormond under the O'Kennedys (another Dalcassian sept).

The three crowns of the old Munster flag represent these three late kingdoms. This flag can easily be confused with the flag of Dublin which has three castles in a similar pattern on a blue background; In fact now there is another flag.There was Norman influence from the 14th century, due to adventuring of the FitzGerald, de Clare and Butler houses, two of whom carved out earldoms within the Lordship of Ireland, the Earls of Desmond eventually becoming independent potentates, for a time the greatest in Ireland, while the Earls of Ormond remained closer to England. The O'Brien of Thomond and MacCarthy of Desmond surrendered and regranted sovereignty to the Tudors in 1543 and 1565, joining the Kingdom of Ireland. The terrible Desmond Rebellions, led by the FitzGeralds, soon followed.

in 1801 was born the kingdom of England and Ireland. In this years Munster had a strong cultural and economic growth , but people do not want to be dependent on another realm , but he wanted to become an independent nation. Despite this feeling of dissatisfaction with the presence of the British in the country, the social situation has remained relatively stable until is arrived the Great Hunger , which is a real famine and hit all the kingdom , and in particular to the west. This famine caused the ' increase in the feeling of rebellion and in the twentieth century came the war that led to the secession of the Irish Free State . After the birth of the Irish Free State , Munster was one of the strongholds of Irish republicans . The Republicans thought that by controlling Munster would could renegotiate the treaty with England for rebuild the state of Ireland . But the leader of the Republicans Lynch because of this tactic has been repeatedly criticized by the same Republicans who thought that this would have lengthened the time of the war , then it would be better to attack the offensive.

However, the Anti-Treaty side(who were supported by a large group of rebels from the Irish Republican Army), lacked artillery and armoured cars, both of which the Free State had to borrow from the British. The Free State launched an offensive against the Munster Republic in July 1922. Limerick and Waterford were taken easily, and Cork became the last county independent of the Free State. Michael Collins sent the Free State Army by sea to Union Hall in Co. Cork and to Fenit in Co. Kerry. Cork was retaken on August 10. His opponents then moved into the countryside and continued small-scale guerrilla warfare until April 1923.

Munster as throughout Ireland remained neutral in both world wars, but in the second world war, the Irish government authorized the French to use the port of Cork . For the citizens of Munster do not piaque the gesture of the government because they would have preferred to stay completely out of the conflict. This gesture of the government did grow discontent among the citizens to give birth to a party that preserved the rights of Munster at the beginning but at the end of World War II it became a party that promoted the independence of the county.

At first, the party was not very successful but at the end of the 2nd World War, when many companies fled to Dublin causing many consequences to the economy of Munster , many citizens began to demand independence because the Irish government did nothing to stop this continuous increase in unemployment and poverty.

Despite the number of supporters of the indipendence of Munster, the Government of the Republic of Ireland did not want to listen to the demands of the citizens of Munster, but in 1953 there was a mobilization of the cities that lasted almost 3 months and also almost 78 % of the population did not pay the taxes as a form of protest. So in May 1954, the Irish prime minister met with key supporters of independence of Munster, and after 11 summits, the irish government ceased, and proposed a referendum only for the people of Munster for the 15 to 16 February 1956 . Of course, the referendum ended with 61% of the population that voted for independence and in April 1956, the Prime Minister of Ireland declared Munster an independent republic.

After independence was born a provisional government, the government was led by Frank Suleman that to jump-start the economy financed many economic interventions especially investment in culture and the construction of new infrastructure . In this way he made down the national economy and unemployment went down in five years from 25.7% to 18.5%, also the collapse unemployment caused a recovery in consumption.

The Economy

In recent years, the national government has invested a lot of money in the alternative energy giving plenty of space for photovoltaic and wind energy (especially in the south of the country). The country has no major mineral resources, but it is important the agriculture and the industry of the services that take up 76% of the workers and lately there is also growth the technology industry..The unemployment rate is currently 8.8%.In 2008, when Ireland became a country with high economic risk due to the economic crisis, thanks to the accommodative policies of the government,Munster is managed to limit the economic damage using the same system of government Linapsus when Munster received the indipendence. In fact, in time ranging from 2008 to 2011 (the year when the recession is over in Munster) were born 3 new highways in front of the 2 existing, and has increased by 10% funding to health and education. In addition, the government has also adopted measures that have benefited the investments in the country, causing a sharp increase of the Irish economic capitals.

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