Third Update: "Dem Deutschen Volke - To the german people"
~ Well guys, here we go on our trip through the historic capital. Today i thought we'll just take y look around the corner and visit the "Platz der Republik". It is a very quiet location, because it is just like a part of "Tiergarten" outside the city center. ~
~ In the center of "Platz der Republik", which was called "Königsplatz" until the Revolution in 1918, is located the "Siegessäule" (Column of Victory). It was built from 1864 to 1873 as a monument for the victory in the unification wars. The last one against france in 1871 ended in the proclamation of the german empire and the foundation of the german nation. So today it is a national monument, which remembers everyone the birth of our country. ~
~ Right in sight of the "Siegessäule" and directly in front of the "Reichstag" (Parliament building) is located the Bismarck National Memorial. It was erected from 1897 to 1901 and honours the founder of the nation. With a smart strategy he unified the german states and formed the nation in a so called "revolution from above". But his Germany became a monarchy with a parlament that had no real power. Even reforms in the end of the Great War couldn't avoid, that the monarchy felt down and Germany became a republic. Anyway, without the political genius of Bismarck Germany maybe would have never become a nation. ~
~ Well the most dominant and impressive building at "Platz der Republik" is the parliament building, called "Reichstag". It was built in the neorenaissance style from 1884 to 1894 and planed by the german architect Paul Wallot. When emperor Wilhelm I. set the first stone for the new parliament building the hammer broke, as the monarchy did just 34 years later. ~
~ There were a lot of controversies about the erection of the "Reichstag". As i told you, it is built in the district of Tiergarten, the biggest park of Berlin and so it is outside the city center. This is, because the emperor didn't like the idea, to have a parliament building inside his residential city. That's why they searched for a place outside historic city borders. Another thing, that anoyed the emperor was the fact, that the cupula should be higher than the cupula of the imperial palace. In his eyes, that meant, that the parliament would have more power than the emperor himself. ~
~ Paul Wallot planed to dedicate the building to the german people. In the front prortal should be a inscription with exactly these words. But the "Reichstag" was finished without the dedication. It took until 1916, in the middle of the Great War, that the letters were put abouve the main entrance. Anyway this symbolic act of the emperor came too late to rescue the monarchy. With the defeat of our troops and the revolution in november 1918 the monarchy ended in Germany and Wilhelm II. went to the exile in Netherlands. ~
~ On 9th november 1918, the social democratic parlamentarian Philipp Scheidemann proclaimed the german republic from one of the windows of the "Reichstag". Since that day, the parliament has a real power in our country and the words "To the german people" became true. Well guys, that was again a lot of information for today. Hope you enjoyed our short trip, the sights and the silence here outside the historic city center. Just take some more looks around. I'll just pic you up in some time to see the other side of "Platz der Republik". See you in a while, guys! ~