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About this City Journal

The story of an independent city-state located in the Pacific Northwest

Entries in this City Journal

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "Biking in the Deschutes Republic"

sucram17: I will try and use those; great idea!

JGellock: Glad you like it! And you have a number of redevelopment projects coming soon! I had to build it up first, of course!

To the post...

It's October 1, 2014. Joakim Soria, a relief pitcher for the Deschutes Coyotes throws a 3-0 fastball to Prince Fielder of the Milwaukee Brewers. The pitch is hit down the right field line for a walk off double.

Returning the to clubhouse, the defeated Coyotes watch the Los Angels Dodgers lose to the Phillies.

In this way, the Deschutes Coyotes won their first National League West Division title.

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The story of major league baseball in Deschutes goes back to 1996, when a state-of-the-art stadium was built in Downtown. In the short term, the park would be used by college teams and major concerts. But the real goal was always to lure a professional baseball club.

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Baseball is the sport in the Republic of Deschutes. A part of the region's high-density model is to include ample park space to off set the towering apartment buildings that populate the cities. This provides plenty of room not just for youth leagues, but for serious adult teams as well.

There is always room for baseball in Deschutes.

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In the summer of 2009, Major League Baseball approved expansion to 32 teams. Added to the American League West were the Deschutes Coyotes and the Las Vegas Barrons. Deschutes' condition to joining was the right to bypass the draft and directly sign two 20-year-old local talents: left-handed pitcher Jason Baker and second basement Oliver Siegal. Baker, a strikeout artist, was projected to anchor the pitching staff for years while Seigal combined power, contact, patience and speed at the plate (not to mention great defense) would anchor the offense.

Opening day was April 4 2012.

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A brand-new stadium was built in Bend to serve as the AAA affiliate. Only the Seattle Mariners have a AAA team so close to be big league club.

The stadium featured great access to public transit. The commuter rail actually has a direct line to Downtown Deschutes... easy access for minor league call-ups!

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After 3 losing seasons, the Coyotes broke even in 2013. Seigal, developing faster and with more power than anyone had projected, won the league's MVP. Over the off season, the team was moved to the National League West. Adding stars like Troy Tulowitzki and an aging Roy Halladay, the Coyotes were strong all season.

Troy Tulowitzki at the press conference announcing his trade and in a Coyote Uniform.

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The playoffs first round is against who they eneded the season against: The Brewers. Starting on the road, they have split the first two games.

Now, for the first time, playoff baseball comes to Deschutes. How will they fare in the playoffs?

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "K-12 Education in Deschutes"

Schulmanator: Thanks!

JGellock: You got your wish!

As the urban centers in Deschites continued to grow, transportation because a real problem. Even with the advent of the DART system, the streets were becoming very congested.

Many people, about 2.7% of commuters, began biking. But without proper infrastructure, is was a disorderly and somewhat dangerous mode of transit.

Bikers navigate a busy intersection.

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In 1992, the government decided to invest heavily in biking infrastructure. This project was, surprisingly, undertook with the same dedication as any other transit infrastructure improvement.

The easiest improvements came in cities that were still growing and still developing their systems. One such City, Langley (just south of Deschutes City) is such a place. Here, bike paths, which double as parks, were built into the transit network.

A dedicated bike path, with its own street crossing, leads to a SkyDART station.

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This path follows along the riverfront.

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Bikers on a roadside path.

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A path leading to the industrial sector.

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In Deschutes City, incorporating bike paths proved far more difficult. In some cases, old rail right of ways no loner in use were converted into bike paths. In other cases, parks were redesigned to include bike paths. When no other option allowed, traffic lanes were converted into bike lanes.

Multiple spurs of an industrial rail line were removed and replaced with several bike paths.

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Parks were converted into pike paths near the City's ballpark.

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A bike lane in a medium-density neighborhood of Deschutes City.

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Biking was also encouraged in smaller towns throughout Deschutes. In Sarah Lake, bikes are a popular way to get around the historic waterfront.

The bike path snakes behind several historic buildings.

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Olympia could stand to water the grass a bit more, but they have an effective bike route nonetheless.

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Thanks for the visit and please leave a comment!

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "Bend: Capital, Metropolis "

Schulmanator: Thanks, so glad you liked my choices!

JGellock: That stub is on purpose! It's a terminal for some lines in the expansion that you'll hear about soon!

The Republic of Deschutes takes its education seriously. Every child is guaranteed free education not only from kindergarten through high school, but all the way through college. This system, well funded, staffed, and equipped, is the leading public education systems in the Americas and a major engine of Deschutes's economy.

This entry will focus on the K-12 system.

A major focus of schools in Deschutes is plentiful open space and athletic grounds. This is for three primary reasons:

1. To promote athletics.

2. To support the general happiness of students.

3. To provide a resource to the rest of the community in non-school hours.

This approach is very popular in the heavily-populated cities.

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Many elementary schools are quite small and athletically pleasing. They are a real contrast to the modern metropolis around them.

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High schools are much larger. With a great and varied curriculum, they are attractive and welcoming places for students.

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Many schools are built to look older than they really are; clean and modern, yet quaint.

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Thanks for visiting! I have a few updates planned very soon:

- SkyDART expansion

- Survey of college campuses

- Overview of Parks

- Biking in Deschutes

What do you want to see first? Hit me up!

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "Trashin' Up the New Year"

JGellock: Thank you so much! It was the flood of download research that you provided which made that update possible, so thank you!

TekindusT: So nice of you! I took a few tries at getting it to work; it took a few days and many restarts. I even resorted to mapping out my plans to scale on paper before hand. So I am glad that people appreciate it!

escilnavia: "Ew" = "job well done. Thank you!

DCMetro34: Thanks so much; that's very kind! If you do something similar, make sure I know. I would love to see a similar system in another city! I used a mix of PEG and SFBT for the bulk of the entry.

Dubst3p: Thank you for your very generous comment! I am glad you enjoyed, and hope you're back soon!

Today, we're going to take a closer look at Bend City.

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When we last visited Bend, the city was still a small city. While Deschutes City in the west had become a dense metropolis, Bend had maintained a more down-home quality.

But once the capital was transferred from Deschutes City to Bend, things needed to change. Not only would major government facilities need to be built, but so would all of the other trappings of a major urban center.

A deal was struck to preserve most of the north-eastern lower density developments and keep all expansion to the west and south.

The development on the western peninsula was centered around the new House of Government to the north. Below it is the National Mall, a great expanse of open grass. To the west of the National Mall were office towns and the Metro Center Convention Hall. To the east the National University of Social Sciences, the headquarters of Deschutes Liberty Bank, and a new Sky DART station were built.

The new House of Government.

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The House of Government, National University of Social Sciences, Deschutes Liberty Bank, and the new Sky DART station.

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The new monorail station and connecting station Bend Metro stop.

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The main building of the National University of Social Sciences.

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The university's softball stadium and a passing Sky DART train.

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The Metro Center Convention Hall

The convention center and surrounding offices were built at the same time as the house of government. It holds many political events, trade shows, and musical concerts.

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Across the street in the National Mall is the Deschutes National Center for the Arts. Built 3 years after the National Mall was put in place, it holds many musical events ranging from classical to popular music.

eschutes National Center for the Arts.

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The Arts Center's opening was heralded with a gran performance, which included many popular artists. Sir Paul McCartney led the entire ensemble for a climatic rendition of Golden Slumbers/Ten End. How many other stars can you name? :-)

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The rapid growth in Bend required quick solutions for many basic public needs. To address the rush in students, Bend Central School, a massive K-12 complex was built. Not only boasting many excellent sport fields, the facility also has large gardening plots used for educating students in sustainable agriculture.

Bend Central School.

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Bend grew rapidly and now has a population of 876,526. Much of this growth was to the south. The whole area is accessible by rail transport. DART's D line finds its terminus at Southern Bend University.

The area around the train station.

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Southern Bend University.

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Thanks for visiting! Leave a comment, question, or request!

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "DART Overview: Part III (Monorails)"

the novels: Thanks! I try and keep the style up!

JGellock: Thanks s much! I did some research and found out that the Las Vegas Monorail has some similar features, so I went with that.

To your point about abandonment, there is plenty! In my mind, it's okay, because cities don't always look perfect and I am striving for very high density, which sometimes causes a backlash. As for the monorail pylons, I do plan on "upgrading" them in an update when the system gets a seismic upgrade :-)

Simbourgeois: Thanks so much! I always appreciate such comments.

Well, I don't know about you, but my hometown looked like a mess on New Years. Where does all that trash go?

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As a small republic, managing trash in an effective, space-conservative manner is a crucial issue in Deschutes. This entry will explore the system used to keep the trash (not to mention rats and raccoons) at bay). For years, each town and city managed its own waste. While this worked up to a point, the increasing density and growth necessitated a far more efficient system.

In the 1980s, the Deschutes government decided to central waste operations. The following goals were laid out:

  • Use as little open space as possible
  • Move towards a zero-waste system
  • Provide raw materials for farms and industry
  • minimize the release of greenhouse gases, both in waste management and transport.

The Department of Waste Management came up with a plan where by rail and barge, all refuse would be shipped to a central facility. There,

1) Organic waste would be made into compost for use in local farms,

2) Recyclables would be processed and sold back to the private sector or shipped abroad, and

3) All other waste would be burned and turned into electricity.

The Waste Management Complex in Olympic.

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Cities could send their trash by rail or barge. Which system a give municipality would use was based on their geography.

In Bend, garbage trucks load their refuse upon rail cars. These would travel to Langy by rail, where it be transferred to barge.

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In Deschutes City, refuse is loaded directly upon barges which sail to the processing center to the south.

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Waste arriving by barge would be sent to the docks in Olympic. Already sorted by trash, compost, and recycling, the refuse would be loaded on to trains and taken to the appropriate processing centers.

The barge docks in Olympic.

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Train cars being loaded with organic materials for composting.

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Unusable trash is taken just a quarter-mile away to the waste-to-energy plants. The method of using incineration to convert municipal solid waste (MSW) to energy is a relatively old method of waste-to-energy production. One problem associated with incinerating waste to make electrical energy is the potential for pollutants to enter the atmosphere when utilizing the fuel to power the generators. These pollutants can be acidic and in the 1980s were reported to cause environmental damage by turning rain into acid rain. Since then, the industry has removed this problem by the use of lime scrubbers and electro-static precipitators on smokestacks. The limestone mineral used in these scrubbers has a pH of approximately 8 which means it is a base. By passing the smoke through the lime scrubbers, any acids that may be in the smoke are neutralized which prevents the acid from reaching the atmosphere and hurting our environment. According to the New York Times, modern incineration plants are so clean that "many times more dioxin is now released from home fireplaces and backyard barbecues than from incineration. "

A waste-to-energy plant.

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A smaller waste-to-energy plant and train yard.

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The train yard and warehouses near the waste-to-energy plants.

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Recyclable and compostable waste are taken a mile to the west where they are processed at a second facility in Temio.

One of the warehouses where recyclable goods are processed.

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Organic materials are placed into large silos. The chemical composition is regularly monitored to ensure the proper balance of elements for optimal farming.

One of the "Compost Domes" found in Temio.

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Thanks for the visit; please leave a comment!

Also, special thanks to JGellock for helping me find so many good lots that I used in this entry!

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "DART Overview: Part II (because part I was so good)"

escilnavia: Wow! Thank you for such a nice comment; it really means a lot and helps me keep working at it!

skyscraper241: Way thank you! And that reminds me; I should post a new region view soon.

JGellock: Dude; thanks for the kind message! I am glad that you are enjoying my new CJ (and I noticed the other comments you added, too! Thanks!)

DCMetro34: Thanks so much! I was hoping for a message from you during these transit updates!!

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This (very robust) entry will continue the explanation of the Deschutes Area Rapid Transit (DART) system.

After building the ground-level portion of the DART system by converting traditional rail lines into passenger railways, a new system was needed for the region's southern areas.

The new system would be totally build by Deschutes-based companies, including tech, construction, and rolling stock. And in building a new system, the planners could consider each and every option available to them. Several types of rail systems were considered but ultimately rejected for the second portion of the DART system.

Conventional Rail was initially considered, as it would be compatible with the first phase of the DART system. However, it was rejected because it would not world equally well as both a metro and interurban system. Also, conventional rail needs many at-grade street crossings, which is both dangerous and undesirable.

Thereafter, light rail (a new technology at the time) was put on the table. However, the capacity levels and speeds were too low. Plus, the above issues of at-grade crossings existed.

Elevated rail was also suggested. However, the speeds (like light rail) was too slow for the interurban service. Also, traditional elevated rail blocks sky views and is, well, rather ugly.

At long last, monorails were suggested and chosen. This was because monorails:

  • Can work well for metro and interurban systems,
  • Have no at-grade street crossings,
  • Can run with automated (driverless) trains,
  • Have low "footprints" on the ground,
  • Block very little sky, and
  • Provide an attractive transportation experience.

The trains were developed by they newly formed Salish Monorail Co.

Interior designs of the original monorail cars

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The original train on a test run.

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The monorail system, named Sky DART, would run from Bend through the southern peninsula, through Deschutes City to the northern areas. Here, again, is the map for handy reference:

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The system includes what was then the longest monorail-only bridge which crosses the Somena River into Southern Deschutes.

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Nearly all of the original stations were build with the sleek style shown below. The design included four escalators, glass coverings, and real-time arrival times.

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The eastern end of the line in Bend, which would connect to the Earth DART, proved to be a challenge. This was accomplished by a second crossing of the Somena River.

The "second crossing".

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Time for a close-up.

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And there is plenty of room for transit and nature in this urban environment.

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Thanks for the visit, and see you soon!

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Retep Molinari

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First, of course, we have replies from "DART (Deschutes Area Rapid Transit) Overview"

mystic_destiny: Thank you! However, I downloaded that station sooooo long ago and I can't find the link for it. I think it's from one of those Japanese sites. If I find the link, I'll send it over!

JGellock: Thanks so much, man! I try and keep my systems realistic, and I am glad you enjoy them!

If you recall, Deschutes' rapid rail system is made up of two networks. This post will focus on the heavy rail network, nicknamed "Earth DART."

To refresh your memory, here is the DART system map:

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For the heavy rail system, DART uses Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU) trains. The system currently uses "Class 93" trains, manufactured by the Northwest Railway Development Corp.

A lead car on a C line train.

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The Class 93 has a built-in tilting mechanism to allow faster speeds on conventional track. While in urban areas the trans average between 18-25 MPH, they reach speeds of up to 125 MPH in the countryside.

A diagram of the tilting technology employed on Deschutes' Class 93 DMUs.

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Earth DART is primarily responsible for providing service between Deschutes City and Bend, to the east. Two lines connect passengers from Central Deschutes Station to Bend.

Central Deschutes station, with a train putting out at right.

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A train leaving Old Bend Station for Deschutes City.

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Outside of the city, a ride on Earth DART lives up to its name, with scenic views of the mountains and rivers around the area. The extended stretch between Deschutes and Bend provides some of the best views.

A long D line train along the Somena River.

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The A line is the only line in Earth DART that doesn't serve the Bend area. Rather, it was built along an old freight line and converted for passenger service within Deschutes Metro between The Portlands and the suburb of Ponderosa, via downtown Deschutes City.

An A train leaves Ponderosa Station for The Portlands.

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Returning to Ponderosa Station.

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A short, off-peak service A train heading to Ponderosa.

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Thanks for the visit! I hope to have plenty of comments to respond to.

Up next: Sky DART in serious detail.

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "The CJ Gets a Facelift"

NMUSpidey: Thanks so much! I like the mod too. thanks for checking it out!

Simbourgeois: I know, right? So nice to live there! Thanks for visiting!

In the 1980s, the Deschutes Area Rapid Transit Authority was created to build and maintain a rail network throughout the region. This would included upgraded traditional heavy rail right of ways and a state-of-the-art monorail system. These would, respectively, be called "Earth DART" and "Sky DART."

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Deschutes Republic had planned a massive, dense growth based on open immigration, high education, and the facilitation of entrepreneurship. The planners envisioned a rapid network that would take the brunt of interurban transportation needs, while at times acting as a local metro as well.

The 37th Street Inter-modal Station.

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This entry will introduce the DART system. Each of the next two entries will explore each system more in depth.

Earth DART

The ground lines on the DART system, shown in red tones on the map, were based on older rail routes in the region. The primary link from Bend to Deschutes follows the route used by early freight trains to the ports in the bay.

The old tracks were torn out and replaced with high-speed grade tracks. While in urban areas the trans average between 18-25 MPH, they reach speeds of up to 125 MPH in the countryside.

An urban station in Deschutes City.

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The ground service is faster than the monorail-based system, though it provides less urban stations.

The "C" line's northwest terminal in Sarah Lake; this route is well traveled by those seeking a pleasant countryside vacation.

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Express routes exist, typically serving only route terminals and transfer points.

Sky DART

In designing the second phase of the DART system, multiple options were on the table. These options included expanded light rail, a continuation of the ground-level heavy rail, traditional elevated rail, and monorails. Monorails were eventually chose because of a number of factors, including speed, safety, low visual impairment, and environmental sustainability.

Contrary to popular belief, monorails are neither overly expensive or impractical for serious transit usage. These issues will be further explored in an upcoming update, but you can read more here in the mean time!

Passengers using a walkway to a station on the north end of the "F" line.

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The monorail system is fully automated, meaning that there are run by driver less trains. This feature allows for 24/7 service at a very low operating cost. The Sky DART differs from the Earth DART in that in has higher urban speeds, but lower long haul speeds. Though they are capable of speeds close to 150 MPH using Linear Induction Motors (LIM), the close placement of stops makes this unfeasible. The trains travel at about 30-45 MPH in urban areas, and up to 70 MPH in long haul areas.

Though most of the Sky DART stations are designed like the one shown above, others have more elaborate designs. This is the North Deschutes Transfer Station

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Thanks for stopping by for this overview! Like I said, I will be showcasing each system more in depth in the coming entries. Feel free to make requests for content and images in the comments section, and I'll do my best to comply!

Thank you!

Retep Molinari

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First...

Replies from "Downtown Deschutes City:"

DCMetro34: Thanks so much! I always try and have robust transit options, so I am glad that you enjoyed it! Also, the "courthouse," as you called it, is the Hamilton Customs House.

Patokiller96: Thank you for checking the entry out!

JGellock: A rail tour, eh? Sounds like a plan.

TowerDude: Cool indeed!

Now, the entry:

Dear Readers,

I recently changed my terrain mod to theCPT Olympic Terrain Mod to give it a more lush, Northwestern feel. The results have been fantastic!

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The other major change is that I am now using Picasa Albums from Google, which provide much more vivid images which are much more reliable and easier for me to keep track of.

I liked the results of all these changes so much that I have gone through and replaced most of the images in this CJ! So, even if you're been here before, I suggest going back and seeing some of these new images for yourself.

A full, new, and proper update will be coming soon!

As always, your comments are welcome and encouraged!

Retep Molinari

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Replies from "More From Sarah Lake."

DCMetro34: Thanks so much! I hope to keep finding even more good custom content as this CJ develops (in fact, the next post will have an announcement to that effect!)

Dear Simtroplian Benedict was curious about the building development showed in the first picture of this post, so I thought that I'd give a little tour of Downtown Deschutes City for is (and I hope your) benefit.

What would become downtown was first of importance with the House of Government building, built in the 1890s. The rest of downtown would soon sprout up around it.

The House of Government Building, today surrounded by office towers.

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Development really exploded in the 1970s and 80s in between the House of Government building and the art deco train station which was built in 1928.

Downtown development in 1978.

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Downtown as it appeared in 1997.

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The dense downtown core is well served by all of the Republic's transportation systems. The Downtown Transit Center included the regional Deschutes Area Rapid Transit (DART) rail and monorail lines, as well as local bus and subway/lightrail systems.

All of the local systems bring workers to downtown; rail (bottom), regional monorail (left), and the bus and subway hub (top).

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Waiting for the bus.

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Peering through the towers..

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Thanks for stopping by! I always respond to comments and requests, so shoot freely!

Retep Molinari

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Hello everyone! I have been moving (with my new fiance, I must add!) and so I have been plenty short of time and a good internet connection. But, I wanted to make some replies and send out another little image.

Replies from "A Trip To Sarah Lake."

Benedict: I'll be sure to include an update on downtown Deschutes in my next post! Thanks for the comment!

1000000000000: Thanks for the comment! I am glad you enjoyed Sarah Lake's key features!

And now for another shot from Sarah Lake:

Deschutes Train Deport (foreground), Federal Building (right) and Deschutes Secondary School (left).

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Thanks for coming by, and please feel free to leave me a message!

Retep Molinari

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Replies for "Teaser: Sarah Lake"

Schulmanator: Good thing! You'll soon see it's still an active fishin' town!

10000000000000: I don't condone walking on tram right-of ways... but thanks for the comment!

JGellock: Thanks for the post, buddy!

DCMetro34: Thanks for the words, and here you go!

Thanks to all for the messages and views@! hope to hear more from everyone after this post, too!

Now to the new post...

City life stressing you out?

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Need to escape the grind?

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Then take a trip to Sarah Lake!

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While Deschutes tries to keep its denser urban areas livable, there are simply times when getting out of the city is a must. With it's roots as a fishing town, Sarah Lake is famous for its active waterfront and peaceful surroundings.

Shops on Sarah Lake's iconic waterfront.

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Catering to its tourist industry, live theater is a popular attraction for nightlife on the waterfront. The Imperial and Regal theaters are two of the largest and most popular.

The Imperial (left) and Regal theaters.

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Deschutes is still a working fishing town. Sarah Lake (the body of water and town's namesake) connects to the Strait of Georgia via a small inlet. Salmon is the most important commercial fish caught in Sarah Lake. While the waterfront is still active, much of it has been converted to other commercial ventures.

The waterfront.

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Sarah Lake's tram lines are both a practical means of transportation, as well as a tourist attraction.

A tram passing a waterfront plaza.

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Over a natural stream, a tram makes a stop.

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Thanks for reading, and there is much more to come soon!

Retep Molinari

Teaser: Sarah Lake

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Replies for "The Economic Might of the... City State?"

jack3oh3: Thank you so much! "Lots of information" is just the way I like to roll. I really enjoy trying to understand how much city could exist and in what context. Glad you enjoyed!

DCMetro34: Always so happy when you post! I am really going for a lot of custom content, which is hard because I have already used 3 CJs worth of custom content! I have included a lot of little details, and I hope that I'll have the chance to share them all!

And to the teaser image of Sarah Lake!

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Leave some replies, and I hope to share more soon!

Retep Molinari

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How exactly did a sleepy city state in the Pacific Northwest become an economic marvel? The answer lies in the political and policy decisions made early in the 20th century.

Deschutes City's strong, vibrant downtown district.

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The economic growth in Deschutes Republic is largely based on three policy principals.

Open Immigration

Like much of the pacific Northwest, Deschutes Republic was resettled by European and American immigrants moved westward in the mid to late 1800s. Yet unlike their American and Canadian counterparts, Deschutes maintained its open immigration laws into the 20th century. The reason for this was simple: acres and acres of farm land needed to be worked, and workers were needed to tap the land's potential.

But there was another reason: immigrants represent new consumers--people who will purchase goods and products. The government understood that a large, concentrated, and urban population would be a massive economic engine, given the right education.

A train passes through some farms near River's Bend.

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Universal Education: Kindergarten to Grad-School.

The government of Deschutes Republic wanted to transform the hoards of immigrants entering the country into an able, talented, and diverse workforce. Deschutes keeps K-12 classes sizes below 20 students nearly without exception. Ample facilities, computers, and extra curricular opportunities characterize the K-12 system.

An elementary school and high school from Deschutes City.

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But it doesn't stop there. Deschutes also offers low cost- to- free college education, including graduate school. This is done in the form of a loan that provided by the government. Depending on the Degree earned, the loan is forgiven after a number of years of economic productivity.

Deschutes Tech, a University in Deschutes City.

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Transportation Infrastructure

To keep this economy going, public transportation infrastructure is continually upgraded and expanded. All major cities have strong local bus and light rail transportation, whiles cities are connected by the regional heavy rail or monorail (rapid rail) networks (or both!). These systems keep customers flowing and the streets clean.

A rapid rail bridge in River's Bend

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This includes freight transportation. Deschutes maintains a massive container ship and rail network, which help connect their goods all over the world.

A dock in Deschutes City

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Coming soon: A break from the city!

Retep Molinari

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As you read in the previous entry, River's Bend served as the primary urban hub in the Deschutes Republic for much of the 19th century. However, as its economey grew, the nation fount itsxelf needing better shipping facilities.

Deschutes City was founded in 1889 to fulfill this purpose.

Bend's shipping facilities weren't cutting it.

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Deschutes City is a densely populate urban center. Dotted with high rises, the city also boasts one of the most livable urban spaces in North America. Bike paths, open spaces, and ample sport fields make Deschutes City feel like a real home to the average family.

A typical residential neighborhood in Deschutes City.

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The transportation in Deschutes City is world class. Served locally by buses, subways, and light rail and regionally by heavy rail and monorail, owning a car is hardly needed by anyone.

The downtown area is served by all of these modes of transportation. They all converge at what's know as the Downtown Transit Center. Here, Deschutes Central Station (the 1930s rail station) connects with a monorail stop and the Central Terminal (the gray, rectangular bus and subway hub).

Downtown Transit Center.

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A heavy rail station and underground parking facility.

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As you will soon learn, education is a core to the economic successes of Deschutes Republic-- it's capital city is no exception. Large schools with generous facilities can be found in every corner of the city.

A typical high school in Deschutes City.

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Much, much more to come! Thanks for visiting Deschutes Republic!

Retep Molinari

Beginnings in Bend

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(This CJ has been re-booted! Check out the new-and improved introduction after you're done reading here!)

As discussed in the introduction, Deschutes Republic began as a farming community in the Pacific Northwest. River's Bend, located inland from the Strait of Georgia, became the first town to rise among the farms. The town served as the region's primary trading post, sending agricultural products all over the Pacific Northwest.

A typical farm, surrounded by the great Cascades.

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Upon gaining its Independence in 1846, River's Bend became the capital of Deschutes Republic ("Deschutes" meaning "the waterfalls" in French.) The town grew for several years until in the early 1900s larger shipping capacities were needed. From here on out, River's Bend (often called simply "Bend") would send its products via rail to the newly founded Deschutes City, located along the Strait of Georgia. With Deschutes City serving as the capital of the Republic, River's Bend lost much of its importance.

Bend's old train station, now serving modern trains with a connection to the regional monorail.

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Bend continued to thrive as a small city of about 70,000 residents for most of the 20th century, holding on to its old role as a shipping hub. It was a significant town, but dearly held onto its status as a quite place. As the rest of the region would begin to grow with great speed, Bend was the holdout.

Quiet Bend.

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In 1994, it was decided that Deschutes City could no longer serve as the Republic's capital with its meager facilities. The seat of government would return to Bend. A massive development on the river's western shore was planned, centered around the new House of Government. In the process transition the little city of Bend into a massive metropolis.

The new House of Government.

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The plan called for Bend's population to increase by 300,000 over the next decade, and reach 600,00 by 2015.

Bend: Ready for growth?

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Thanks for reading, and more to come soon!

Retep Molinari

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The Deschutes Republic is an independent city-state located in the Pacific Northwest.

Gaining its independence in 1846, the region is a major player in international trade. Based in agriculture, the economy has since grown to include financial services, manufacturing, and green technology. A major emphasis of sustainability, education, and quality urban living has made Deschutes a model for 21st Century urban areas.

The original House of Government in Deschutes City, now obscured by an office tower.

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Ecology

The vegetation in the Deschutes area was originally temperate rain forest, consisting of conifers with scattered pockets of maple and alder, and large areas of swampland (even in upland areas, due to poor drainage). The conifers were a typical coastal British Columbia/Washington mix of Douglas fir, Western red cedar and Western Hemlock.

One of the many cascades that populate the landscape, giving the region its name.

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Climate

The summer months are typically dry, often resulting in moderate drought conditions, usually in July and August. In contrast, most days during late fall and winter (November–March) are rainy.

The Deschutes area, early in its history

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Annual precipitation as measured in Deschutes averages 1,199 millimeters (47.2 in), though this varies dramatically throughout the metropolitan area due to the topography and is considerably higher in the downtown area. In winter, a majority of days receive measurable precipitation. Summer months are drier and sunnier with moderate temperatures, tempered by sea breezes. The daily maximum averages 22 °C (72 °F) in July and August, with highs rarely reaching 30 °C (86 °F). Average yearly snowfall is 48.2 centimeters (19.0 in) but typically does not remain on the ground for long.

Early History

Archaeological records indicate the presence of Aboriginal people in the Vancouver area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago. The area is located in the traditional territories of the Squamish, Musquea, and Burrard peoples of the Coast Salish group. The first European to explore the coastline of present-day Point Grey and parts of Burrard Inlet was José María Narváez of Spain, in 1791, although one author contends that Francis Drake may have visited the area in 1579.

The first western settlements in the Deschutes area were made in present-day River's Bend, which is located eastward up the SomenaRiver.First settled by English fur trappers in 1808, Americans were locating there by mid-century.

Growth and Independence

When the Oregon Treaty was signed in 1848, the border between Canada and the United States was settled at the 49th parallel. The small community of Deschutes, primarily populated by Americans, lay just north of this line near Fort Langley.

Territorial claims in the American Northwest

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Sensing an opportunity, business owner and land prospector John Deighton negotiated for Deschutes to remain independent. America, seeking to avoid a second war (as the Mexican-American War was ongoing) did not argue, while the British simply did not care. The Fraser Canyon Gold Rush of 1858 jump started the local economy. John Deighton, who had laid claim to the eastern valley began to lease his land to farmers whose food production was vital for the Gold Rushers. The village of River's Bend on the Somena River became the local hub for shipping and commerce.

Over the rest of the 19th century, the region grew as the agricultural output was so great that surplus could be shipped abroad. A rail linked River's bend with the Deschutes Harbor, where what would become the region's largest city and namesake would grow.

Land prospector John Deighton

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