(also known as Hajra
, New Heimersdorf
, and formerly Inishmore City
), is by far the largest city in the Inishmorian Archipelago. With over 800.500 residents, it is the county seat of Donau County, which includes the nearby municipalities of Caruvel and Eshtar, but not Wutai nor Midgar.
Sedona, then named Inishmore was founded in 1680, as a small harbor providing access to the Archipelago. Located on a major hub between the then separated cities of Hajira and Rathlin, along with smaller towns such as Heimersdorf or Cropsford, it was integrated as Overseas German Territory in 1684 with a population of 300. It exponentially grew and spread over the former village of New Sedona (to the west of Sedona-Inishmore), it is now reckoned both for industry and infrastructure, with Lili Elbe International Airport being the second busiest airport in the country. In 2008, the city hosted 49.3 million domestic and overseas visitors.
Pre-Modern Era (1680-1898)
Prior to German settlement, the area was totally devoid of human traces. The archipelago, charted south of Greenland, was the site of many sinkings. The first settlements were built by enthusiastic Prussian explorers Kirsten Nightfire and John Cooker in 1654 on the other sides of the S-shaped island as the City of Hajira; two years later, Irish protestants landed and founded the village of Inishmore and that of Rathlin. A small war broke, and the former city of Inishmore, located on modern-day Sedona, was razed.
In 1680, unnamed German explorers landed on the southern shores of Sedona, and founded the township of Heimersdorf. They built their fort about five kilometers north, on the site of the former city's ruins. Through cunning negotiations, the Irish folk in Rathlin sighed the 1681 Peace Act, which would later prove a key piece of independence. In 1683, Lord Heimer named the city Sedona, and one month later it was integrated as a Free City on behalf of the Holy Roman Empire.
The city boldly grew, attracting prospectors looking for the rich ore mountains of the island as well as navigators. By 1698, it was inhabited by 4500 persons. Following a freezing winter in 1703 and 1704, connections were cut almost continuously between Europe and the island. The Irish township of Rathlin rebelled soon enough and established their own kingdom, the short-lived Kingdom of New Ireland. Lord Heimer and Lord Nightfire signed in consequence the Establishment Act in 1706, which effectively rendered the island autonomous. The Irish rallied to the idea, and by December, 1706, the Empire of Royal Inishmore (Königliches Reich Inishmores), named after the first Irish settlement, was created; Sedona was chosen as the capital, being at the center of the twisting road linking the extremities of the island.
With trouble brewing in Europe, many settlers seeking a close asylum arrived in Inishmore. Hajira was at the time much more attractive, yet Sedona grew to reach a population of 25'000 and a quarter of its current size by 1754. The population in the city progressively turned more English and Irish. In the year 1765, the Inishmore Reenactment Act was published, and reorganized much in the country. Sedona's legal language became English, and most states institutions, formerly in Hajira and Rathlin, were moved in the heart of the city.
Rapid industrialization in the 1800's brought Sedona much more power and wealth; the island's first railway, the Southern Coast Railroad, linked Rathlin and Sedona by 1841. The islands of Crescent and the Lauberg Peninsula became predominantly industrial, and the city limits of Sedona were expanded to their current borders; however undeveloped the heartlands of the small plateau were. Under the lead of Mr. Lindman, a landowner from Cologne, Sedona specialized in iron and coal shipping. In 1887, it was Northern Europe's first iron producer. At its highest peak, industry in Sedona employed more than 75'000 people, and the city was dwelt by well over 200'000.
The remains of Inishmore City. Note the S2 railroads crossing through.
Island Revolution (1898)
However developed the city and small empire were, criticism was drawn during a political speech on June 14th, 1898, as Emperor Duncan III decided to raise more taxes and suppress most civil rights that existed. A small group of Marxist marginals attempted a coup three days later, leading the city in a three-month chaos, later known as the Bloody Summer. Riots spread through the empire, and on September 25th, more than 3'500 people, mainly upper-class citizens and politically influence people, had been murdered in the battle for the city.
On September, 27th, forces from England and France landed on Heimersdorf, seeking to suppress the Marxist rebels holding the city. Covertly, they attempted to seize power in the area. In three days, they held much of the inner city under their power, until Emperor Duncan III abdicated and abolished the realm, on the condition European troops would withdraw. A symbolical sum was paid off, but the city was left in ruins, and most of the populace had fled.
With the Nation of Inishmore established a few days later by Duncan's son, Andre Rudolf Geldern, Sedona saw a new calm beginning.
Modern Era (1899-present)
The early years of Geldern's reign focused on improving workers' conditions. Following rather unknowingly the example of New Zealand, many social rights were granted - including female equality, legalization of trade unions, and a free basic health system - and signed by the President himself in Rostond, then a suburban town nexting Sedona. The city saw a new prosperous era, and by 1907 more than 350'000 people lived in the city. Hajira's declining population was bested one year later with 369'200 people in one of the most amazing demographic booms in the city's history.
The 20's were marked, however, by increases in poverty and crime. Famous lawbreakers, such as L.A. Billy, formed gangs that battled each other, as well as law enforcers. In 1927 however, the first true Major of the City (since most functions were held by the President himself beforehand), Mr. Harry Douglas, launched a new economic program - prefiguring the Great Deal in the US after the 29 crisis - focusing on education, improving further workers' conditions, and launching a new expansion program. Mobilizing important capitals, Sedona grew westwards as the city hired most work-less people in the city, following a stricter grid plan. Many old villages were incorporated and dissolved in the building; by 1931, the city had grown twice in size. Following Major Anderson's styles and wishes for a clean, lively city, a smaller-scale replica of the Kölner Dom was erected in the Rostond suburbs, and strips of lands were left empty, emulating New York's or San Francisco's parks to some extend. The city (and island)'s first skyscraper was erected in 1932; and in 1934, one of the inner parks became the new royal residence.
From 1929 to 1945, a period known as the Northerly Migration Times occurred; the city council enacted quotas to limit the flow of residents. In 1945, the size of the bustling city had grown to 564'210, and attracted ever more capitals and businesses in an otherwise ruined world. However, with industrial trends declining, the city entered by the 1950's a deep recession, and the old center of the city became darker. To cope with the situation, Major Jonas, along with then-president Sechet, began promoting and shifting the city's industrial trade towards business and commercial markets.
Since 1970, Sedona has achieved major status in most stocks. Under the lead of Major Linda Nightfire - a descendant of an initial founder - the city grew more and more skyscrapers. By 1981, the million inhabitants milestone was broken; the old airstrip in old Sedona was replaced by the new Lili Elbe International Airport, at its time greatly modern and vastly underused, on an island south of Sedona. 1987 saw the first subway as a response to the increasingly congested city; at this time, avenues were raised to complete the island wide interstate system.
By 1992, concerns concerning the progressive encirclement of northern harbors led the City Council to separate the city in half. A path, roughly between avenues 15 and 17, which had been underdeveloped due to lateral floodings, was dug out and a 7 meters deep, 60 meters wide canal was opened, splitting the land in half, freeing the congested harbors. The subway system was completed in 2003, and further improved in 2009. Lydia Dinnerson, current Major, has very recently began a suburbanization program; the city is now declining with a population just over 800000, with many people moving to the cheaper suburbs with completion of the rail and road systems across islands.
Sedona is located on the central branch of the Inishmore Archipelago, on a low rise plateau. At its center is a rise, up to 123m on Chillad Point, that stretches to the Cropsford Peninsula; Great River streams from there onto the 16th Avenue Canal, and Trinity River runs a few kilometers before ending in the Heimersdorf Bay. Most of the eastern side is more hilly and higher, with a mean altitude of 31 m; the whole southeastern coast features high eroded cliffs. West of the Canal, the city is flat and rises seldom upon 15 meters; northwestern shores are mainly sandy, smooth beaches.
From the plateau several landmasses stretch out; the Cropsford Peninsula is hilly and high-grade; while to the south, from Heimersdorf Bay, the Lauberg Peninsula extends southwards. North is a string of lagoons separated by the Caruvel Mass; separated by a short channel, westwards are the Plains of Wutai.
Grüne Weide, on the far North side.
The city lies within the north oceanic climate zone, and experiences four distinct seasons. Summers are warm and humid with average daytime high temperatures of 25°C in a normal summer ; winters are cold, snowy, and windy, with some sunny days, and with temperatures below freezing. Spring and fall are mild seasons with low humidity.
Sedona's architecture is densely varied, though in the latest 40 years an homogenization has been noted. The old city has kept most buildings in an early industrial side, with many buildings lasting from 1800 onwards. The Altstadt itself has been mostly preserved, on the initial site of the Heimersdorf Fort.
In the newest areas, steel-framed buildings were erected and high-rise buildings make up most of the city architecture. Many old landmarks were kept however; such as the Dom replica in Rostond. The Presidential Palace, informally known as the White House, and its surrounding buildings, are perfect examples of an heteroclite euro-comtemporan style.
A typical interchange - this one on Geldernstraße North.
Western CBD around Cheystraße. The Big Ben clocks were ordered in 1954 as part of the Inishmore Tribute year, which saw many mock-ups of well-known landmarks erected.
The city is roughly separated in 13 districts, and informally in further sections. The main sections are the Altstadt (Old City), Heimersdorf, the less-developed Central Side, the Royal, CBD and West Side, with Bloodmoon forming a district.
Altstadt and Heimersdorf were the original districts of the city. It is home to the University of Sedona. It also hosts one of the city's largest parades, the annual Oktoberfest parade, as well as the February Inishmore Fairday. Chillad rises border the districts and stretches towards Cropsford. Some facilities of the Harbor of Sedona are here, as well as the original City of Sedona. The main stadium is located on its eastern shores.
The Hajiran Cowboys playing the Elonan Thunderforce in the 2009 Simball Finale.
Typical shores around Heimersdorf. The Lighthouse is the last manned beacon in the island.
Downtown and Royal Districts are the center of Sedona's commercial and financial institutions, and home to the Great Park and many of the city's skyscrapers. Many of the city's financial institutions are located in Rostond. The central commercial area often is featured on the southern shores. These areas contribute famous skyscrapers, shopping, museums, as well as a stadium and convention facilities on Aachenerstr.
Eastern Neumarkt during daytime - the buildings are the Stock Exchange (Börse) and the Ministers' Assembly building.
At the heart of the city - the Plaza, or Royal Park, along with the ruler's residence.
In between lies the Central Zone. Largely less developed, it features mid-rise habitations, universities, and the Museum of Science and Technics. The Burning Man Fair is hosted on 18th Avenue. North is Bocklemünd, a major park in the hills near Cropsford, and a main automotive hub; southerly low-rise habitations make up most of the district. The Chillad Range is gentrificating, with villas popping on the hills and golf yards growing on the former airport.
The Chillad Range in 2006. Most high rise buildings were demolished to make place for rich villas.
Off-side areas include Bloodmoon Harbor, the main industrial district of the city, though most of the industries were since long dismantled and moved towards Rathlin. Most of the port facilities are located on its long southern shore, and more and more high-rise residential buildings are forming there. Crescent Island used to be a rural area, until a bridge connected the small group of isles. Right now, they feature rich, low-rise houses, as well as the international airport.
The subway station, and the eastern terminal of Lili Elbe Flughafen.
The Quietlands, south of Laguna : cosy life in the suburbs make middle-class people even more middle-class.
Sedona's eastern streets were laid out in a grid that grew from the city's original area. Streets following the Reenactment Survey System section lines later became arterial streets (horizontally) or avenues (vertically), though all are 2x2 streets. As new additions to the city were platted, city ordinance required them to be laid out with 6 streets/avenues a km. The grid's regularity would provide an efficient means to develop new real estate property. There exist few discontinuities, apart from around the Chillad Range, and in the oldest settlements.
Western streets emulate the eastern grid system to some extent, mainly prolonging beyond the Canal the horizontal lines. Vertical streets are more spaced out, allowing larger buildings and easting real estate selling. Few discontinuities exist there too, though no streets from the western side actually emerge in the eastern one; mainly, one needs to use the interstate system, itself formed off major arteries of the city in a grid fashion. Bloodmoon streets are laid according to the Western grid.
Since the late 1950s, most of the streets were embellished; the building of the subway system recreated small parks within the already quite green city.
Culture and Entertainment
The city's nightlife has attracted residents and tourists alike. Most businesses concentrate along Geldernstr., or in the Heimersdorf or Rostond areas. Chorrolstr. in particular houses a huge number of nightclubs and other amenities. The city has many upscale dining establishments, including ethnic diversified villages : These include the Puerto Rican enclave in the Bocklemünd neighborhood, Greektown on Summerset, "Little Italy" on Loreleistr., or Irish pubs by Khourystr.
Zoo in Khoury, in the Irish district of the city.
Rostond and Opera subdistricts are home to many LGBT organizations; the area around the Cheystr./Chorrolstr. is a lesbian hangout, notoriously known around the island, and infamously renowned for its strip clubs, nearing the red light district around Neumarkt.
Many LGBT nightclubs light the nights of Rostond.
Sedona is known for its music settings. Classical music facilities include the Royal Sedoner Orchestra, recognized as one of the finest in the world, and performing at the J.S. Bach Inishmoran Opera. Also performing regularly there, is the Hajiran Sinfonietta, a more diverse and multicultural counterpart to the BIO. In the summer, many outdoor concerts are given in Rostond Park. The German Opera Company founded by German Sedoners in 1987 and presents classical operas in German.
The City Hall and Opera - glorious prides of classical Sedona.
The Balamb Ballet and Sedona Midgar Ballet perform in various venues, including the Chillad Theater in C15 Park. Sedona is home to several other modern and jazz dance troupes, such as the 12th Avenue Dancing Company.
Other live music genre which are a strong part of the city's cultural heritage include Sedoner soul, jazz, and gospel. This influence continued into the alternative rock of the 1990s. A flourishing independent rock and punk music culture brought forth Sedona indie. Annual festivals feature various acts such as GraziaPalza, the Entubation Music Festival and Pitchfork Music Festival.
In 2009, Sedona attracted over 2.3 million overseas visitors. These visitors contributed more than LS$25.6 billion to Sedona's economy. Upscale shopping along the 12th, 13th Avenues, Chorrol-, Lorelei-, and Neumarktstraße, thousands of classy and ethnic restaurants, as well as Sedona's eminent architecture, continue to draw tourists. Most conventions are held at the Tagungszentrum, or Aachenerstr. Convention Center, just south of the Chorweiler neighboorhood. Rostond Park holds the Art Institute of Sedona.
The Major's Delicacies : a three-star classy restaurant on Neumarkt Basin.
Stonewall Castle was built in 1820 and nowadays draws thousands of tourists per day.
South Pier, located just south of Bloodmoon, is 570 meters long and houses restaurants, retail stores, exhibition halls and auditoriums. Its 69m tall Llama Trap is one of the most visited landmarks in the Island.
In 1994, the city officially opened the Museum Campus, a 5.0 ha lakefront park, surrounding the University and major museums. The Palace Fountain anchors the downtown park along the southern waterfront. Other museums and galleries in Sedona include the Sedona Museum of History, the Germanic Art and Culture Gallery, the Museum of Contemporary, Weird, and over-simplistic Arts, the Peggy Piggy Nature Museum, the Museum of Broadcast Communications and the Old Museum of Science and Industry.
The top activity while visitors tour Sedona for leisure is entertainment, approximately 23% of all leisure travelers.
The Sedoner Snakes of the Island Simball League are one of the most recognized Simball teams in the world. During the 1990s with Michael Blackson leading them, the Snakes took six ISL championships in eight seasons (only failing to do so in the two years of Blackson's absence). The Sedoner Blackkawks of the National Hockey League (NHL), who began play in 1896, have won four Doreley Cups. Both the Bulls and Blackhawks play home at the Heimersdorf Stadium (Heineman Stadion) on the Eastern Shore Side.
The Marathon of Sedona has been held each year since 1987, at first to promote the new Interstate system, though since 1996 it is held on street-level roads.
Starting just off South Pier is Rathlin Yacht Club's Elite Cup , a 360 km offshore sailboat race held each June around the whole Islands, 2010 marking its 70th anniversary.
Sedona has the largest gross metropolitan product in the island — approximately $206 billion according to 2006 estimates. The city has also been rated as having the most balanced economy in northern Europa due to its high level of diversification.
Sedona is a minor financial center, though it has the tenth largest central business district in Northern Europa. The city is also home to major financial and futures exchanges, including the Sedona Stock Exchange, the Sedona Board Options Exchange (SBOE), and the Mercantile Exchange of Hajira - (the "Merc"), which is owned, along with the Hajiran Board of Trade (HBOT) by Sedona's SME Group.
The city and its surrounding metropolitan area are home to the largest labor pool in the Islands with approximately 1.25 million workers.
Most of the GMP is brought in by tourism however; industry and shipping still play a minor role in the city's economy.
During its first 100 years as a city, Sedona grew at a rate that ranked among the fastest growing in the world. Within the following years, the city's population grew from slightly under 30,000 to over 200'000 by 1887. It kept on increasing, besting Hajira with 369'200 in 1908. In 1945, 564'210 people were recorded to live in the city; it passed the million bar in 1981 with 1'450'214 people, before recessing. As of 2009, 1'210'012 people were recorded to dwell in the city.
As of the 2000 census, there were 1,216,012 people, 461,128 households, and 352,557 families residing within Sedona. The density, the fourth highest in the world, is of 18 906.4375 inhabitants / km². 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 34.5% were married couples living together, 25.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.4% were non-families. The median income for a household in the city was Ls$58,625, and the median income for a family was $69,457. Males had a median income of $56672 versus $61541 for females. About 8.6% of families and 9.1% of the population lived below the poverty line.
Subway and Public Transportation
Intracity public transportation is ruled by the Sedona Transportation Authority (STA) through its four services : Bus, Subway, S-Bahn, and Metraferries.
The city subway, known as Sedona Stadtbahn or Sedona City Subway, was built in 1987 and originally consisted of three lines an east-west, an inner loop, and a north-south line. Upon favorable feedback, a more extensive system opened in 1995. Criticism was drawn as most of the system only served the CBD, the West Side, and the Central Side; the complexity of the routes, which forced much interchanging, and engendered much delays in cases of incidents was also involved. In 1996, following a three-month closure after the U2 Bocklemünd Fire, a small test line was built in Heimersdorf to try the newer, safer trains , and in 1997 the first suburban rail lines were built. In 2003 most of the network was completed; the final north-south line joined Lauberg in 2006, and in 2010 a major reassignment program was engaged, solving most problems.
Map of the subway system, including regional railway. Many important locations are indicated along with station names.
University Station, on lines U3, U7, U8 (the right-most track), and S1. The tracks running underground used to lead RB7 to its terminus, but the line was extended since then.
Right by the Kölner Dom : Sedona Hauptbahnhof, the subway, regional, and island-wide railway hub.
Nowadays the subway runs on eight lines totalizing over 300 kms of tracks, mostly underground, though a long portion of U1 and U2 runs at grade level outside the city. Four major lines, U1, 2, 3, and 6 totalize 85% of all daily ridership (U1 and U6 running 24/7). Five lines serve the city itself, while U1 links Wutai, Midgar, and soon Inisheer, and U2 goes as far as Eshtar and Mülheim. Connections with the local rail services are assured in many points of the network. About 850'000 people daily use the subway network.
Buses are efficiently connecting subway stations and hubs to the outer parts of the city, and are operated by the STA. A few ferries exist, most carrying people from Crescent Island and Lauberg to the mainland; since the opening of the southern half of U2 and U6 however, their ridership is lowering, and there are plans to discontinue them. The city also owns an island-wide bus system through Bluehound Bus Transit - its hubs in Böcklemund and Rostond link Sedona to the outer places, such as Elona, Tyria, Dyuti, up to Cornelia and Quon.
Sedona is a major rail hub (as most train lines developed on the North and West sides) and hosts the highest number of commuters per day. Congestion has become a problem as eight lines out of eighteen meet in a bottleneck starting in Wutai and ending by the Higher Central Station (Überhauptbahnhof).
Services to Rathlin and Hajira exist, though few services head beyond : the cities of Lauberg, Midgar are served; though any city behind Hajira or Rathlin requires a change. There have been plans to solve this problem - including laying tracks from Eshtar to Sedona, or through the S-Bahn Circle Project; both projects however struggle with right of way and congestion which is massive already on the central tracks.
An S-Bahn running on the S1 line, colored in a similar fashion as 1980s Paris S-Bahn regional trains.
Sedona Süd, terminus of the busiest regional line. The tracks left of the station have been removed in 2005 with the U5 expansion towards Willestraße.
An efficient interstate system links Sedona to the rest of the island, though once again, the inner highways were only recently built. Four interstate cross the city - two north-south ones and two east-west ones. I-43 links Sedona to Hajira through Eshtar; I-12 connects to the southern east-west highway (I-24) and links Cornelia up to Lauberg, through the Lauberg-Sedona River Bridge; in 2009, the island's first toll highway I-13 links Midgar to Sedona, prolongating the northern east-west interstate (I-42) through the Lynn Conway Bridge and being extended to Rathlin.
Leaving Sedona by the north side (towards Hajira and the rest of the network).
Most highways are free; the city's only toll booth lies on LC Bridge, as the highways are paid through taxes. Sedona's system is usually not congested, unlike Rathlin's Loopway or Hajira's terribly clogged spinal highway.
Sedona is served by the newly built Lili Elbe International Airport, in Crescent Island. It is owned and operated by the City of Sedona. Midgar International Airport, located in nearby Midgar, serves as a secondary airport. Sedona is the world headquarters for Sedoner Airlines. Midgar is a hub for low-cost carrier Southwest Airlines.
The Port of Sedona consists of several port facilities within the city operated by the Hajiran International Port District . The central element of the Port District, Bloodmoon Harbor, is maintained by the Inishmore Army Corps of Engineers. Dismantled in 1987, the following still remains in use:
* Bloodmoon Landing Terminal: located in southern Sedona, it includes 100 acres (0.40 km2) of warehouses and facilities on the waterfront with over 780,000 square meters of storage.
* Grain (19 million bushels) and bulk liquid (200,000 barrels) storage facilities along Bloodmoon Shoreline
* The Heimersdorf International Port district also operates Foreign Trade Zone #12b, which is located in nearby Heimersdorf Bay.
Since the 1970s, Bloodmoon has seen much improvements and nowadays residential buildings occupy the former industrial wastelands. The four piers are still in activity, though much reduced compared to 1985 levels.
Water is provided by the Sedoner City Waterworks. Pumped and desalted in major facilities located in Elona, far north, it is brought in the Sedona-Laguna-Caruvel water network through the use of pipelines that stretch as far as northern Hajira.
A program was test-launched in 2007, pumping water directly in the streams of Mount Chillad; it only received mitigated results, due to low output and lack of space for desalinizing water directly in the limits of the city. A terraformed island is being built 6 km off the eastern shores, planning to double Elona's capacities by 2016. Public water in Sedona is one of the costliest in the world.
Electricity and Waste
Electricity is provided by Commonwealth Babbleson. Reports indicate that Sedona receives about 75% of its electricity from hydrogen power. Recently, the city started the installation of wind turbines on government buildings with the aim to promote the use of renewable energy; the main plant remains Sedona Higher Nuclear and Hydrogen Power Plant, located above the Quietlands.
Domestic and industrial waste was once incinerated but it is now landfilled, in a small patch of land above the Quietlands, below the township of Laguna. It maintains and encourages recycling through the use of color bins.