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About this City Journal

After Six years of a bitter Civil War for independence from Australia, the Democratic Crowned Republic of Calar

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mrdevinej

Calare-Broadcasting---Budget.jpg

<TIM SHAPTER> Good evening, the federal treasurer Jake Swanston has tonight delivered the Rush governments first budget since being elected in a historic election win last November. The budget 'will be one for the people' Mr Swanston said in parliament house in Duvall this evening. He outlined the governments vision for the 2010/2011 financial year, with big spending measures announced to continue Calaré's ecconomic recovery  after the GFC. He outlined more spending in health, transport, education, law enforcement, and ports. With the government committing 512 Million to new hospitals in Duvall, Monroe, Bonython and St Kertigan. 2.97 Billion to a High Speed Rail network connecting all Major cities in Calaré along with 356 Million to enlarge the Metro light rail system in the capital, as well as 180 Million to conduct a feasibility study into expanding the Duvall subway system. Mr Swanston also committed an additional 780 Million to works at Flinders Intl Airport, and 300 million to the expansion of Port facilities at Port Duvall. Mr Swanston also announced money in the budget to progress Calaré's application for full membership to the Alliance of Independent Nations (AIN) 

Turning to other news..... The Calaréann national Simlympic Team had a strong day at the Sarnia Simlympic games picking up 2 Gold, 1 Silver and 2 Bronze......

mrdevinej

Suburbs of Duval

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Some pics of Khalua Point, Oakden Ridge, the downtown Parliamentary zone and Bass Hill...

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Khalua Point

A beach front suburb adjacent to Ocean Grove. It is home to approximately 4,000 people. It is also at the Begining Tharawal Highway which links Duvall together.

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Oakden Ridge

Is a mixed use suburb. although it is mainly residential, it has high tech industrial as well as commercial.

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The Parliamentary Zone

Is in the heart of the city, it is the home to the national parliament of Calaré, the high court, as well as the Royal Palace.

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Bass Hill

Is one of the Older inland suburbs, it links Ocean Grove and Khalua Point to the Parliamentary zone.

 

mrdevinej

Calar-CJ-Banner.jpg

 

Duvall - Capital of Calaré.

Duvall (population 448,072) is the capital and largest city in Calaré and is the major centre of the North Coast region of Calaré. The city is the state of Flinders. Situated on the coast, Duvall is today a major Financial centre with the Calaré Stock Exchange (CSX), Reserve Bank of Calaré (RBC) and many other corporate headquarters located in the city. Duvall is located approximately 175 kilometres north-east of the old provinicial capital, Monroe.

History

Timber getters were the first to settle Duvall in 1827. In it's early years the busy port was frequented by up to 450 ships a year. The town was originally named 'Port Byron' by John Byron in 1827. It was renamed Duvall when the town site was reserved in 1861.

Timber cutting remained the most important industry well into the 1900's, flourishing after the completion of the Jetty in 1892. Gold mining, fruit growing, dairying, and sugar cane farming also became popular, although many of these earlier ventures failed. The railway reached Duvall in 1881 with the main station - Duvall Central being completed in  1909.

Geography & Climate

Duvall experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with average maximum temperatures varying from 17 °C in winter to 26 °C in summer tempered by sea breezes. The highest recorded temperature is 44.1 °C in January, and the lowest 0.8 °C in July.

Hot summer evenings are sometimes relieved by a front of rapidly moving cool air known as a southerly buster.

Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the seasons, with a bias to the first half of the year. It is often associated with orographic lift caused by the escarpment. Short high intensity rainfall events may happen at any time of the year and can lead to local flooding. A significant flood event occurred on 17 August 1998 when Duvall recorded 316 mm of rainfall (the nearby suburb of Mt Ousley recorded in excess of 445 mm), mostly falling in a 3 hour period. Duvall also experiences thunderstorms during the warmer months bringing lightning, heavy rain and occasionally hail.

Yearly rainfall is influenced by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation.

July and August are known as the windy months, with westerly gales that can gust at over 100 km/h

The city is located right on the edge of the coastal range, with a very narrow strip of flat land between the hills and the sea. As a result, Coffs Harbour has developed in a north-south direction, with little urbanisation further inland to the Orara valley. 

Culture

Duvall has a significant cultural life. Calaré's small film industry made it's home in Duvall, and a number of local television programmes are made in the city. The city is also home to the Duvall Sports and Leisure Fair, which is the largest of it's type in the country.

A number of sporting teams are also based out of Duvall. In most sporting codes, Duvall uses the Flinders state colours of red and blue.

mrdevinej

here is some sneak peaks of the Duvall subburbs of Ocean Grove, Bass Hill, Gorilla Bay, Bangaroo point and Nambir Industrial Estate. More Detailed pics and Information soon :)

Ocean Grove

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Bangaroo Point

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Bass Hill

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Gorilla Bay

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Nambir Industrial Estate

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mrdevinej

Constitution of Calaré

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Orta recens quam pura nites
"Newly risen how brightly you shine" 

The Constitution of Calaré is the paramount legal entity establishing the independence of Calaré from Australia and sets down the powers and functions of the institutions of government. It consists of several documents. The most important is the Constitution of the Democratic Crowned Republic of Calaré. Other constitutionally significant documents include the Statute of Westminster and the Treaty of Singapore, as well as various Letters Patent, Orders-in-council and unwritten conventions.

 History

The current Constitution of Calaré originated during the negotiations to end the Civil War. At the time, it was accepted by all parties that Calaré would begin to pursue a path towards independence. Negotiators from the three party talks developed a number of different constitutional models that could be presented to the electorate through a rolling series of plebiscites. The outcome of these early negotiations was an acceptance that a form of government similar to what existed in Australia at the time was the most suitable model to put to the electorate. This was attached to the Treaty of Singapore ratification referendum and provided that a convention would assemble in Duvall within a year to draft a constitution.

This assembly has become know as the first Tionól. The convention met for a month between the 7th of February and the 9th of March 2000 and drew up much of the Constitution as it now stands. The Constitution provided for a strong executive, with the King playing a key role in the administration of the state by chairing the executive council. The Constitution provides for a bicameral Parliament (also known as the Oireachtas), Consisting of the Dáil Calaréann (House of Deputies) and Seanad Calaréann (the Senate). The provisions relating to the judiciary and states were also drawn up at this time.

Chapters

Preamble - The introductory paragraph of the constitution is known as the Preamble. The Preamble neither grants any powers nor inhibits any actions; it only explains the rationale behind the Constitution, stating that the people, humble to Almighty God and loyal subjects of the King, do declare themselves to be an independent nation.

Chapter I - The first chapter deals with the nation of Calaré and the various symbols of nationhood. Part one deals with the right to self determination, the territory of the Republic, the grant of citizenship to all Calaréanns’ upon independence and the status of English and Irish as the national languages. The second part deals with the national symbols, including the flag, coat of arms, great seal and the royal regalia.

Chapter II - The second article outlines the powers of the Crown and the Executive Council. Divided into three parts, the first part makes provision for the eligibility to ascend to the Throne, as well listing the powers of the Crown in relation to the Executive Council. Provision is also made for remuneration to be made to the King through the Privy Budget. Part two deals with composition and appointment of Ministers of State. Part three deals with the appointment of civil servants, which is devolved to the Parliament.

Chapter III - The power of the Parliament is laid out in the third article, which states that legislative power is vested in the King, the Seanad (Senate) and the Dáil (house of Deputies) . The Powers and qualifications for membership of house are defined, as are the collective powers of the Oireachtas (Parliament) as a whole. Much of the second article is based upon the now former Australian Constitution of 1900, and include provisions such as the double dissolution election and the parliamentary nexus.

Chapter IV - The Judiciary is dealt with in the fourth chapter. The article requires that there be one court called the Supreme Court; Parliament, at its discretion, can create lower courts, whose judgements and orders may be reviewed by the Supreme Court. The chapter also enshrines the right to trial by jury in all cases in the county where the offence was committed.

Chapter V - The fifth article ties up many of the loose ends in the constitution, and deals with many miscellaneous provisions. The provisions include taxation and debt, transitional provisions, local government, altering the constitution, the seat of government, and expended provisions. Parts one and two were part of the original constitution. Parts three, four and five were added by referendum after the  second Tionól 2006.

Schedule - The constitution concludes with a schedule outlining the oath of allegiance and the oath of office that must be taken by all figures serving any institution it has created. Any person serving as a public official or civil servant must take one or both oaths before assuming the position to which they have been appointed.

Interpretation & Change

The power to interpret the constitution rests solely with the Supreme Court, as specified by Chapter III. Since independence, the court has built up a body of law, known as Calaréann constitutional law, which forms the bedrock of all legal decisions taken by the court.

Changing the constitution is a step process. First, both Houses of Parliament must approve for a convocation of the Tionól to assemble and within the narrow terms of reference set by Parliament, decide on what changes are to be proposed. The Tionól shall then frame a question which is put to the people by means of a referendum, which requires a 'double majority' of a majority of electors in a majority of the states to be carried.

Constitutional Conventions

Calaré, in the tradition of all Westminister democracies, operates with a number of unwritten rules and conventions. These conventions exist only due to tradition, symbolism and their support by all sides of politics, and can be changed by mutual agreement by all parties. They have no force in law, and cannot be contested in court if a convention is breached. Some of the major conventions include:

Monarchy

The Monarch will grant royal assent to any bill passed by parliament

The Monarch will not participate in the political process unless there is an extreme circumstance that merits the use of reserve powers

The Monarch will not make partisan speeches or state partisan opinions

Executive

One-quarter of members of the Cabinet shall be members of the Senate

The Cabinet Secretary shall also be Leader of the Government in the Senate

All Cabinet members shall be members of the Executive Council.

The Prime Minister can hold office temporarily (less than ninety days) whilst not a member of the House of Deputies.

All executive decisions are taken by a formal meeting of the Executive Council

Parliament

A loss of supply requires either the resignation of the Prime Minister or a parliamentary dissolution;

The Senate will not deny supply to the government unless that are extreme and compelling reasons for doing so;

The children of peers who hold a courtesy title shall not seek election to the House of Deputies

During a General Election, no major party shall put up an opponent against a Speaker of the House of Deputies seeking re-election.

mrdevinej

Location of the Democratic Crowned Republic of Calaré

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Calaré is located in Oceania on the Eastern seaboard of the Australasian Continent. It is almost entirely surrounded by the Commonwealth of Australia. It shares Land borders with the Australian states of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. The Capital of Calaré is situated on the coast approximately 160 Kilometres South of Sydney, the Capital of the Australian State of New South Wales. And is 244 Kilometres North East of the Australian Capital of Canberra.  The border is approximately 80 Kilometres from Sydney and approximately 25 kilometres from Canberra.

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Calare has a totall area of approximately 63,976 square kilometres. With a coast line of approximately 510 kilometres.

Calare currently has a population of 2,661,867 and is expected to reach 3,000,000 due to immigration within ten years.  

mrdevinej

History of Calar

Australian Calaré

After ten years of debate, conventions and referenda, Calaré was joined to the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia on the 1 January 1901. When Cook had sailed by 131 years earlier it had been a part of the colony (now state) of New South Wales. Throughout much of the Australian period, there was constant agitation for the separation of Calaré from New South Wales. A number of plans were drawn up over the years, including royal commissions and finally a referendum, which was defeated in 1967.

With a downturn in the world economy during the 1970s, Calaré began to show signs of economic decay. Despite this, some coastal centres enjoyed a boom of development and growth. Duvall and Jervis Harbour both went from being small fishing ports to major resort and tourist centres, outstripping the inland centres and taking away services from these towns. The success of others bred resentment in those towns and communities that had once enjoyed better times. In frustration, this disenfranchised bloc embraced the ideas of the Free Calaré Party, which grew to become a radical group that advocated the removal of overseas interests from Australia and the radical reform of the Australian political system.

Statehood

In 1976 the New South Wales Conservative coalition government lost the March General election to the Labour party by a wide margin. One of the campaign issues was Statehood for Calaré and surrounding areas. The Conservative government had opposed such a move, citing the need to keep the territorial integrity of New South Wales intact. The Labour Party of Jim Marsden were in favour of initiating a process where by the matter was resolved through a series of referenda in the local government areas of the central tablelands and  coastal areas. The Free Calaré Party agitated for complete independence but the Labour party at both State and Federal levels favoured a more politically palatable approach of Statehood, whilst the Conservative opposition argued for no change at all. In 1979 the process began with the passing of the Calaré Statehood Referenda bill in both the NSW and Federal Australian Parliament. On the 3rd of September 1979 the Local Government areas of Wingecarribee, Shoalhaven, Kiama, Wollongong, Shellharbour, Eurobodalla, Cabonne, Blayney, Cowra, Bathurst, Oberon, Lithgow, Mudgee, Orange, Forbes, Palerang, Goulburn, Upper Lachlan, Weddin, Parkes, Young, Harden and Yass voted on the question of Statehood for Calaré with the vast majority of the electorate voting YES. This did not please everyone but all political parties agreed to honour the electorates wishes. The 23 council areas on the 14th of Feburary 1981 were proclaimed the seventh state of the Commonwealth of Australia with the State Capital being Duvall. 

Civil War

After Fifteen years of Statehood the Free Calaré Party morphed into the United Calaré Militia, which took up arms in early 1996, and was quickly involved in a violent struggle for control of the region. The early years of the Civil War were an insurgency carried out in remote and rugged bushland. The tables turned in 1998 when the militia turned on the towns and began to occupy them against distracted Australian resistance.

By late 1999 the militia had gained control of almost all the towns in the Western and Central regions . Only Jervis Harbour and Duvall, as the centre for government administration in the region, remained under "Australian" control. A counter–attack, know as Operation Taipan, failed to dislodge the rebels, and after some heavy handed actions, led to any remaining support for the government to leech away. A successful ceasefire called was by the international community in early 2000, and would lead to the Treaty of Singapore, which was signed on the 22 May 2000. In the subsequent referendum held in September 2000, 19 local government areas out of the original 23 opted for independence (Harden, Lithgow, Mudgee and Yass voted against) and so formed the Democratic Crowned Republic of Calaré on 1 October 2000.

Independence

The new nation now had to find its way in the world. In the first ten years, it encouraged migration of skilled workers out of the large and overcrowded cities of Australia and invited them to build a new nation, and within the decade the national population had more then trippled. The United Calaré Party would rule for five of the first ten years, laying down much of the political culture that would shape Calaré as we know it today.

Six Day War

Relations with Australia remained strained, and a cold war of sorts lasted throughout the 2000's. Towards the end of the 2000's Australia became more belligerent under the leadership of the conservative Tony Abbott. Abbott made it clear from his election as leader that he would not tolerate Calaré's existence any further, and the election of an impatient and take no prisoners Green Party government in Calaré under Adam Allsop in March 2008 set matters on a rapid spiral to open conflict.

The subsequent Six Day War in July 2008 was an overwhelming victory for Calaré. Between 2008 and 2009, Calaré occupied a significant chuck of Australia, and the military administered these areas as occupied territories. The Calarée had severely damaged the Australian psyche and destroyed the Australian South-West Pacific Fleet. To protect itself, Calaré swiftly embraced an alliance with the Kingdom of New England and other European Nations, with a free trade and military agreement, known as the Treaty of Armidale signed in early 2010.

mrdevinej

The national Flag of Calaré was adopted on September 20, 2000, replacing the pre-independence flag adopted when Calaré gained statehood in 1981, Calaré fought for independence with New England, another former Australian State.

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Description

The 10 stars on the flag represent the states of the nation. The red represents the land and the struggle for independence. The band of white and blue represents the rebirth of Calaré as a nation, and the colours stand for peace (white), renewal (blue) and effort (red). The yellow colour, circular formation of the stars, symbolises that all people are equal. The stripes are in 6:1:1:1:3 ratio, and the circle of stars is centred 3/8 along the fly.

Proportions

The Constitution of the Republic does not specify what the official proportions for the height and the width of the flag are. The dimensions of the parts that make up the flag are given proportionally to the dimensions of the sides, without specifying those dimensions. However, the proportion most widely used is 2:3. Consequently, the proportion of 2:3 is the de facto (but not de jure) proportion.

Colour shades

The Constitution does not specify which are the official shades of the flag's colours. However, the most widely used colour shades are the primary colours of the RYB color model:

Color Web colors RGB CMYK HSV
Blue #0000ff 0, 0, 255 100%, 100%, 0%, 0% 240, 100, 100%
White #ffffff 255, 255, 255 0%, 0%, 0%, 0% 0, 0, 100%
Red #ff0000 255, 0, 0 0%, 100%, 100%, 0% 0, 100, 100%
Yellow #ffff00 255, 255, 0 0%, 0%, 100%, 0% 60, 100, 100%

Consequently, these colour shades are the de facto (but not de jure) colour shades.

Protocol

Guidelines for flying the flag are laid out in a directive entitled "Directive of the National Flag of Calaré", which is published by the government every five years. The directive outlines that the National Flag of Calaré is allowed to be flown on every day of the year. The National Flag of Calaré must always be flown in a position superior to that of any other flag or ensign when flown in Calaré, and it should always be flown aloft and free. The flag must be flown in all government buildings and displayed in polling stations when there is a national election or referendum.

The directive also advises that the flag should only be flown during daylight hours, unless it is illuminated. Two flags should not be flown from the same flagpole. When the flag is flown at half-mast, it should be positioned one flag-width down from the top of the pole. Flags are flown at half-mast on government buildings:

  • On the death of the Monarch – from the time of announcement of the death up to and including the funeral. On the day the accession of the new monarch is proclaimed, it is customary to raise the flag to the top of the mast from 11 am.
  • On the death of a member of a royal family.
  • On the death of a distinguished citizen. Flags in any locality may be flown at half-mast on the death of a notable local citizen or on the day, or part of the day, of their funeral.
  • On the death of the head of state of another country with which Calaré has diplomatic relations – the flag would be flown on the day of the funeral.
  • On ANZAC day the flag is flown half-mast until noon.
  • On Remembrance Day flags are flown at peak till 10:30 am, at half-mast from 10:30 am to 11:03 am, then at peak the remainder of the day.

The desecration of the National Flag of Calaré is a crime. The Criminal Code of Calaré states:

Whoever removes, destroys, damages, renders unusable or unrecognisable, or commits insulting mischief upon a publicly displayed National Flag of Calaré or a national emblem installed by a public authority of the Republic shall be similarly punished. An attempt shall likewise be punishable.

 

 History

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Prior flag (1981-2000)

The original flag was introduced on statehood in 1981, with the common Australian colours of red, blue and white; it is identical to the flags of other Australian states except for the crown in the fly and the red field. The crown represents the personal union between the state of Calaré and the Monarch.

mrdevinej

Background History of the Democratic Crowned Republic of Calaré

The History of Calaré began with the arrival of European explorers, who first sighted the country in 1770 and formally began settlement in 1828. Since then Calaré has grown from a small colonial backwater to a modern and sophisticated nation-state that is ready to take its rightful place on the world stage.

Prior to this there is evidence of indigenous settlement having taken place at least 10,000 years ago, with the Aboriginal peoples having come to Australia over 40,000 years ago.

Pre History

From the end of the last ice age some 10,000 years ago, the region was home to the Wiradjuri , Dharug , Gundungurra and Tharawal peoples (amongst others). Most Aborigines were hunter-gatherers with a complex oral culture and spiritual values based upon reverence for the land and various mythological beliefs.

 

In 1770, the isolation of these people ended when Lieutenant James Cook sailed past Calaré, on his way up the eastern seaboard of the continent. The first European to actually set foot in the region was George Bass, who in 1797 led an expedition across the Limestone Plains to edge of the tablelands and down into the Gordon Valley. 

Colonial Calaré

Duvall was the first area of Calaré to be settled in 1828, when it was established as a penal settlement. More settlements were subsequently established at other locations, with settlers coming for a variety of reasons. The next to come were the squatters whose seeking of grazing lands for their sheep flocks led to the establishment of Bhuxton in 1839. In the meantime, settlers seeking the beautiful timbers of the Red Cedar tree on the coast established Lynne 1840 and Jervis Harbour in 1841. For many years, there were only a few thousand settlers in Calaré. Further settlements were opened at Monroe, Bonython and Cork by the late 1840s.

Despite their slow beginnings, these centres would boom with the discovery of gold and gemstones on the tablelands in the 1860s. Coupled with the arrival of the railways in the 1880s, the latter half of the nineteenth century saw a steady growth in the population of the region, and with it a growing sense of a distinct local identity.

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