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About this City Journal

My re-creation of Miami, with NEW city information and history of some of the cities, and some Demographics of some cities.

Entries in this City Journal

nate1245

Hialeh

Hialeh is a city in Miami Dade County, Florida, United States.  The city's name is most commonly attributed to Muskogee origin, "Haiyakpo" (prairie) and "hili" (pretty) combining in "Hialeah" to mean "pretty prairie". Alternatively, the word is of Seminole origin meaning "Upland Prairie". The city is located upon a large prairie between Biscayne Bay and the Everglades.  Hialeh plays a major role in the Miami area. It's offtown called the travel through city, as almost half the cars traveling from north to south travel through Hialeh, and alot of travelers traveling from the far west suburbs to the beach travel through Hialeh, creating major traffic headaches. Many projects are going into affect and need your help on what to do.

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A small office park.

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Williams Blvd. in Hialeh is one of the busiest blvd's in the city. It currently is a bottleneck zone during rush hour and even during the mid day. So im asking for help. I want you to decide what to do with the avenue.

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Traffic Data.

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A similar project took place here at the intersection of the Palmetto expressway, and Hialeh expy. Avergae daily traffic is around 25,500 traveling from the top of the screen down and then headed to the right of the screen.

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Notice major traffic back ups.

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Im using a Simulator Z.

nate1245

Cooper City

Cooper City is a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. The city is named for Morris Cooper, who founded the community in 1959. The US Census Bureau estimated the city's population at 30,032 on 1 July 2006. Cooper City is part of the South Florida metropolitan area.

In 2006, with the annexation of the Waldrep Dairy Farm, Cooper City started construction on the first major new home construction project within the past few decades. It is expected the addition of the 530-acre (2.1 km2) property will add upwards of 4,000 new residents through 2011.

It has also been rated as one of the top 10 towns for families by Family Circle.

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City Layout.

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Downtown Cooper City.

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nate1245

Everglades Park

Just a small little update for now.  :D   Everglades Park is the smallest town in the Miami area. It is snuggled against Florida Rte. 530 on the furthest out skirts.

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next update should be a few more suburbs. Ive been super busy, and trying to create more suburbs.

nate1245

Palm Springs North

Palm Springs North is a census-designated place (CDP) in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The population was 5,460 at the 2000 census.

the cities layout.

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My first real looking highway overpass. 9.gif

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New pics of the city. (:

The current city picture

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Palm Springs Estates

(sorry for the stupid clouds)

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Park Hills Estates

The first park built in the middle of the subdivision giving the subdivision its name.

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Palm Springs High School and Palm Springs Elementary School. 

Palm Springs H.S. has a 5 time sectional winning cross country team, and a 4 time sectional winning track team. The basketball team has won 10 state championships and the football team has made it to the playoffs 8 times. The tennis team is the 2nd best in the Miami region, and the Soccer team has won 3 championships.  With just over 2,000 students the High school is one of the smaller public high schools in the miami area. It is by far the best school for sports.

Palm Springs E.S. has just over 450 students, and is slowly rising.

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NEW UPDATE!!!!!

New highway overpass.

Before

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After :)

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Before

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After    :)

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nate1245

Hollywood

Hollywood is a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. As of July 1, 2008, the population estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau is 141,740. Founded in 1925, the city grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s, and is now the twelfth largest city in Florida. Hollywood is a Principal City of the South Florida metropolitan area, which is home to 5,413,212 people. The USA Network television series Burn Notice is filmed in this city.

Hollywood is the furthest suburb to the north. It serves as a retail city, and a lush suburb for those rich sims. The city first saw development in the early 1970's when Wal-Mart built on the corner of Hollywood Blvd. and Coral Blvd. The city has plans to build a studio, and a few new recording studios.

A city shot of Hollywood.

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West end of Hollywood Blvd. Intersection of Coral Blvd. and Hollywood Blvd.

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Middle of Hollywood Blvd. Many retail stores have been built here over the years.

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East end of hollywood Blvd. Intersection of Hollywood Blvd. and Miami Blvd.   Future project: making I-95 into a sunken highway at Hollywood Blvd. 4.gif

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Hollywood Hills Subdivision. First homes built in the city. Many more to come.

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Hollywood Blvd. =D First blvd. in the city to have all retail shopping. Also the first street to be fully developed.

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Update** :D  

I-95 at Hollywood Blvd. interchange re-design. 

Before

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After

The 2 lights are synced to be green and red at the same time to help with the traffic flow.

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NEW UPDATE !!!!!

Current shot of Hollywood!

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thats all for now. more shots coming on 1/18/10

Hope you like it. Thanks for taking time to look at the CJ.

nate1245

Hialeah Gardens

Hialeah Gardens  is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The population was 19,297 at the 2000 census. As of 2005, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 19,930, with a population density of 7987.6 per mi2, made up of mostly single story development.

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The empty area being planned for the new office park.

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The street layout.

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The first developed buildings

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The current Office Park. Some new restaurants are possibly gonna build near by.

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Sam's Club, the cities second largest retailer has built its newest location, and with it they built it in a new design. All future sams club locations will be built like this model.

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Dicks Sporting Goods has many locations across the Miami area, but this one is extra special because its the largest. In 1999 the company was looking for a location for its supercenter and finally in 2008 it found it. Ground breaking began in late 2008 and was finished on September 30th, 2009. The current windmills are going to be moved, since they were first built when the city began.

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Hope you enjoyed. comment and rate.        (:

nate1245

Hallandale

Hallandale is a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. The city is named after Luther Halland, a worker for Henry Flagler's Florida East Coast Railroad. As of 1 July 2006, the population estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau is 37,145. It is part of the South Florida metropolitan area, which is home to 5,463,857 people.

The city is best known as the home of Mardi Gras Gaming greyhound racing track, which hosts the World Classic. It also has a sizable financial district, with offices for a number of banks and brokerage houses. Sometimes referred to in jest as the "southernmost Canadian city," Hallandale Beach has been a popular vacation destination for decades, and many of the tourists come from Quebec and the Northeastern United States; a significant number of these tourists eventually retire to the area.

 

In 1986 the city leaders began debating on where to build this huge stadium which would be alot bigger than the Dolphin stadium in midtown. The location was finally chosen on May 23rd, 1989. Located right along the extension of the everglades freeway and I-95, so it would have alot of visibility from the freeways. The stadium began construction on June 6th, 1989 and was completed on September 23rd, 1991. The Seahawk Stadium Center was finally complete, and ready for concerts and events. Some famous stars who have performed at the astadium include: Britney Spears, Lady gaga, Rascal Flatts, Kieth urban, Metro Station, Timbaland, John Mayor, Boys Like Girls.

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I-95 runs diagonal across the screen and the everglades freeway runs stragiht through. Originally the everglades freeway just ended at I-95 but then in 1992 the city decided to extend the freeway to Atlantic Blvd. to help ease the heavy traffic during peak concert seasons. Hallandale high School can be seen in the bottom left hand screen.

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Seahawk Stadium Center

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Atlantic Blvd. Once the Everglades Freeway extension to the Blvd was finished the Blvd was quickly filled with hotels offices and exspensive apartment buildings and condos. Miami's only K-Mart is also located in hallandale.

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Aberdeen Knoll. One of the many new subdivisions that are going up all over the Miami area. Ceo's and lawyers and doctors fromt he downtown Miami area are beginning to build there getaway homes in the new developing area's of the suburbs. Located just left of the subdivision is the newest expansion of the Miami medical center. Hallandale Medical Center is a branch of the cities main health system.

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Hope you liked it. please comment and rate. 9.gif

nate1245

Miami Gardens

Miami Gardens is a Miami suburban city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The city name comes from one of the major roadways through the area, Miami Gardens Drive. Since Key Biscayne was incorporated in 1991, there has been a movement in several unincorporated areas, also known as census-designated places (CDPs) throughout Miami-Dade County to incorporate as cities, often due to a perceived lack of attention or services from Miami-Dade County government. Residents in Miami-Dade county who lived on the Broward County line in the former CDPs of Andover, Bunche Park, Carol City, Lake Lucerne, Norland, Opa-Locka North, and Scott Lake voted to incorporate as the city of Miami Gardens in 2003, although some of those CDPs were not entirely incorporated. The city was incorporated on May 13, 2003.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's Estimates, the newly-created city had a population of 100,842; however, 2004 estimates were 105,887 people, and the most current 2007 estimates of the city government place the population at 108,862. Miami Gardens is the largest city in Florida that has a majority of black residents.

The city is home to the Miami Dolphins and Florida Marlins, both of whom play in Land Shark Stadium (formerly Dolphin Stadium) on land that was part of the Lake Lucerne CDP. Dolphin Stadium also hosts the annual Orange Bowl college football game and is the home field for the University of Miami Hurricanes football team. Calder Race Course is also located in the city.

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nate1245

West Miami

West Miami is Nestled between Tamiami Trail and Coral Way, and only three-quarters of a mile is the city of West Miami.

In 1947 four businessmen decided to incorporate the city when Miami-Dade County wanted to reduce the cocktail hours and ban gambling rooms. The four businessmen, along with a group of residents, decided they didn't want to lose their extended cocktail hours and gambling rooms. They each invested approximately $400 then debated on a name for the city.

Among the suggested names were West Haven, West Gate and West Miami.

However, these businessmen weren't the only ones that contributed to the birth of the city. Towards the end of World War II, when Florida was beginning to develop, land was being given away by the government as an incentive for people to settle there. Many soldiers returning from the war took advantage of the free lots and built their homes in West Miami.

Incorporated as a town with only 700 residents, West Miami now stands as a city with 6,132 residents, a 4% increase since the 2000 census. Like the Little Havana neighborhood of the city of Miami, the majority of the city of West Miami, 84% according to the U.S. census, consists of Hispanics.

Since its modest beginnings, West Miami has maintained a high standard for residential and business community.

“The city is unique because of its residential component and family atmosphere,” said Yolanda Aguilar, a City Manager.

Though a small city, during the 1990’s West Miami accomplished many capital projects such as sidewalk replacement projects, and tree beautification projects.

The small city is surrounded by the larger neighbors: Coral Gables and Miami.

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The Verizon Corporation Field Office 

Built in 1999. Largest office building by sq. ft.

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New HeadQuarters for Wal-Mart and Sam's Club. Along with a few other company's. the city is beginning to switch from shopping and office centers being away from the highway to being built along Highways and freeways, so travelers and commuters see it wehn they drive by.

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nate1245

Northwest Miami

Update*

Northwest Miami Started as a small sleepy town. When Miami began to grow and expand outward the city proposed a highway that would connect downtown miami to the northwest side. In 1950 the cities population had grown so much that city became elligable for a huge develop a mall. The Ventura Shopping mall was developed by James E. Schults. Located at 19501 BISCAYNE BLVD the Mall sits in a prime location for major delevopment. the mall first began with just over 450 sq. ft. and in 1985 had a major renovation done and added another floor bringing the mall up to 1,500 sq. ft. The mall has 3 major department stores: Nordstrom, Sears, and Hechts. Kohls is another major box store built right across the street. In 1999 the mall began on a huge 3.8 Million dollar redevelopment and completed it in 2002. The inside was remodled and the parking lots were re-done. the huge glass dome entrance was also added. the mall is located right off the Palmetto Expressway. Future development around the mall: a new stand alone chili's, bed bath and beyond, and applebee's.

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Miami Dade Medical Center

The newly built Medical center was built along I-385. Many new medical buldings are expected to be built within the next few years along the highway. Located along Lorence blvd.

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Sunset Place Center.

Newly built shopping center on 19497 BISCAYNE BLVD. the center includes: Barnes & nobles, office depot, sports authority, compUSA and a china buffet. A California Pizza Kitchen also has built its newest restuarant in the shopping center..it has its stand alone site.

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Miami MetroZoo. Located along I-385. Ir offers over 120 exhibits. Its also a highly rated zoo for having exotic animals from foreign countries.

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next update will be the west miami area. thanks for reading.

nate1245

Coral Gables

Coral Gables (sometimes referred to as The Gables) is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, southwest of Downtown Miami, in the United States. The city is known as the home of the University of Miami.

The population was 42,249 at the 2000 census. According to U.S Census estimates in 2005, the city had a population of 42,871.

History

Coral Gables was one of the first planned communities, and prefigured the development of the gated community and the homeowners association. It is notorious for its aesthetic regulations.[citation needed] The city was developed by George Edgar Merrick during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. The city's architecture is almost entirely Mediterranean Revival Style. By 1926, the city covered 10,000 acres (40 km2), had netted $150 million in sales with over $100 million spent on development.

Merrick designed the downtown commercial district to be only four blocks wide and more than two miles (3 km) long. The main artery bisected the business district. Merrick could boast that every business in Coral Gables was less than a two-block walk. The city used to have an old electric trolley system which was replaced by the popularity of modern automobiles, but now a new free circulator trolley system, initiated in November, 2003, runs down Ponce de León Boulevard.

In 1925, roughly simultaneous to the founding of Coral Gables, the city was selected as the home to the University of Miami, which was constructed that year on 240 acres (0.97 km2) of land just west of U.S. Route 1, approximately two miles south of downtown Coral Gables.

During World War II, the Pan America Airline leased its Coral Gables-based airport and hangar facilities with the US Navy. Many Navy pilots and mechanics were trained and housed in Coral Gables.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 42,249 people, 16,793 households, and 10,243 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,242.4/km2 (3,216.9/mi2). There were 17,849 housing units at an average density of 524.9/km2 (1,359.1/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.83% White (47.7% were Non-Hispanic Whites,) 3.30% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.49% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46.64% of the population.

There were 16,793 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.4% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $78,157, and the median income for a family was $121,651. Males had a median income of $66,178 versus $39,444 for females. The per capita income for the city was $46,163. About 4.3% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2000, Spanish spoken as a first language accounted for 51.05% of residents, while English was at 43.82%, French at 1.08%, Portuguese 0.79%, and Italian made up 0.72% of the population.

As of 2000, Coral Gables had the eighteenth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 28.72% of the populace.[9] It also had the sixty-fourth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.27% of the city's population, and the sixteenth highest percentage of Venezuelan residents in the US, at 1.17% of its population.

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Thanks for all who take their time out to view my pics. I appreciate it. Let me know how im doing so I can get better and change anything im doing wrong.

nate1245

Little Havana

Little Havana is a neighborhood and former census-designated place within the City of Miami, Florida, United States. It has many Cuban immigrant residents. Little Havana is named after Havana, the capital and largest city in Cuba. The rough boundaries are the Miami River (north), SW 11th Street (south), SW 22nd Avenue (west) and I-95 (east).

Little Havana is noted as a center of social, cultural, and political activity in Miami. Its festivals, including Carnival Miami, Cultural Fridays, the Three Kings Parade and others, are televised to millions of people every year on different continents. It is also known for its landmarks, including Calle Ocho (S.W. 8th Street), and its Walkway of the Stars (for famous artists and Latin personalities, including Celia Cruz, Willy Chirino, and Gloria Estefan), the Cuban Memorial Boulevard, Plaza de la Cubanidad, Domino Park, the Tower Theater, Jose Marti Park, the Firestone/Walgreens Building, St. John Bosco Catholic Church, Municipio de Santiago de Cuba and others. It is undoubtedly the best known neighborhood for Cuban exiles in the world. The name "Little Havana" emerged in the 1960s as the concentration of Cubans in the area grew sharply. Little Havana is the name affixed to a sprawling neighborhood lying immediately west of downtown Miami. It stretches west from the Miami River for several miles. This sobriquet was applied to the Shenandoah and Riverside neighborhoods in the 1960s, following the beginnings of a vast influx of Cuban refugees there. Little Havana is famous as the cultural and political capital of Cuban Americans, and the neighborhood is a center of the Cuban exile community. Little Havana is characterized by a robust street life, excellent restaurants, cultural activities, mom and pop enterprises, political passion, and great warmth amongst its residents.

The Little Havana Merchants Association is an organization of local businesses that promotes responsible growth in the neighborhood. The group provides an online guide to local dining, shops, galleries, nightlife, and cultural events.

Demographically, the neighborhood is split up into Little Havana (proper) and West Flagler (formerly West Little Havana), and as of 2000, the total population of both of the sections made up 90,218.

As of 2000, Little Havana had a population of 49,206 residents, with 19,341 households, and 11,266 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $15,213.16. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 85.08% Hispanic or Latino of any race (mainly Cubans, but also many Colombians, Dominicans and Brazilians), 3.79% Black or African American, 10.14% White (non-Hispanic), and 0.96% Other races (non-Hispanic).

As of 2000, West Flagler (West Little Havana) had a population of 41,012 residents, with 14,810 households, and 10,490 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $26,176.70. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 90.73% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1.15% Black or African American, 7.61% White (non-Hispanic), and 0.49% Other races (non-Hispanic).

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Another Major Development in Little Havana. This subdivision will be named: Palmetto Grove. (Part of the freeway name considering how close they are.)

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The Heart of Little Havana. The intersection of Miami Blvd. and Havana Blvd. is the busiest in the city. Some new commercial development will be going in the empty lots running to the top of the picture. In the bottom right corner is the Dade Community College.

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The intersection of the Palmetto Expressway (up and down) and the Dolphin Expressway(left to right). Also the Entrance to MIA. Everglades Blvd. is the road which has no interchange. One of the only major roads which doesn't have direct access to any freeway.

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UPDATE**  

MIAMI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (MIA)  

in the early 1940's the Miami Airport was nothing but a small landing strip in the middle of a dense tropical forest area. Then in 1955 it was upgraded and the roads in the area were upgraded to standard level, and so more people began to drive out and stopped using the downtown Airport. Miami international has 10 major Airlines that serve the airport: American Airlines which has its hub in Miami, United Airlines, southwest Airlines which has its hub at, Us Airways, JetBlue, Coninental Airlines, Lufthansa, Japan Airways, United Express, Delta Airlines. Future plans include: Expanding the terminal to allow for more airlines to become available, adding another runway,and remodling the current airport entrance.

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NEW UPDATE!!!!  ***** (small update that is)

The miami Airport expansion project!!

MIA has recently undergone an expansion! 

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Traffic backing up heading east bound on the Dolphin Expressway. traffic in the area around the airport has increased dramatically.

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Oh no!! traffic accident on the Dolphin Expressway!! 5 severly injured and 12 who had minor injuries. Traffic delays heading both directions went into around 2 1/2 hours between the airport and downtown.

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Hope you enjoyed this little update. Comment and rate please 2.gif

nate1245

 This update will include: the university, hospital, and midtown.

University of Southern Florida Miami

Founded in 1801 in downtown Miami, The USFM was a small little university only offering a handful of majors. today it bosts as being a highly rated Univeristy in Florida and the southern United  States. some of the biggest majors offered are: Architecture, Business Management, Communications, Pre Med, Pre Law, and Pre Denistry.

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Miami Dade County Medical Center

The Hospital started in the heart of downtown Miami, where it was a small clinic. As the city began to grow the Hospital made a decision to re-locate to Miami blvd. right along I-95. Future plans for the Hospital are: Building a new facility in northwest Miami and Hollywood on the cities north side.

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Midtown!

Midtown Miami plays a huge role in the city. It offers many things that Miami cant like: the cities largest Casino, the metro's largest University, and the second most commercial jobs in the metro area. Midtown was first incorperated when some of the first settlers begin to move north out of the bustling miami, back in the mid 1800's. Atlantic blvd is the main throughfare which runs along the atlantic ocean, offering restuarants, office's, and hotels. Its the michigan Ave of the south. Atlantic blvd. is one of the biggest causes of the surburban sprawls to the north. Future plans will be to add many new high rise office towers and residential towers. The central business district is located on the southern point and the Intersection of Atlantic Blvd. and Dolphin Ave. (note the cluster of high rises)

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Current Transportation Map of the Miami Metro. As you can notice the city is beginning to spread to the north. Not alot of development will happen along the Florida Turnpike. (furthest freeway from downtown.)

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IF YOU WANNA SEE ANYTHING ELSE THAT I HAVENT PUT IN LET ME KNOW. ILL TRY MY BEST TO CHANGE OR ADD! =D

nate1245

Miami (downtown)

The Miami Skyline

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The Near Midtown District

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The Miami-Dade Convention Center

Built after the Great Depression, the convention center sits on landfill put in place just for the center. It shows danger signs of flooding when big storms come through the miami area.

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Downtown Interchange

I-95 and the Dolphin Tollway interchange just north of downtown Miami.

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The Historic Miami Neighborhood

The Very first neighborhood built in the Miami-Dade County. It still has its original brick pave streets. City leaders are discussing whether to leave them in place or to re-pave them with asphault. Protests and ralies are being held daily to stop the city leaders.

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UPDATE***

Our Saviors Luthern Church 

(oldest church in Miami)

Our Saviors Lutheran Church was built at the corner of south 6th street and west 5th street in 1802. At that time downtown Miami was no bigger than a small town square. The Lutherans came into the Miami area and had a huge influence on the culture and the way of life for the city. They organized the cities laws and regulations and started town hall meetings at city hall, which they also helped build at the corner of Jackson Blvd. and Florida Ave. the center intersection of the city.

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***Update***  

New Downtown Pictures.  Some more buildings have been built in downtown and more residential high rises are being built just west of the downtown area.

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A night time picture. Not all of the buildings lights had come on when i took this picture.

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NEW UPDATE!!!

Area of downtown Miami that is currently being re-developed.

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New Southern Florida Univeristy of Miami. Located right along I-95, the Miami areas second largest University is snuggled right inside a up and coming area of the city. The University is a major liberal arts, and architecture college.

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The Newly built Toyota center. Located just southwest of the downtown area.

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Cultural center of downtown Miami. The Miami Opera House, and the Miami Art Gallery are located within one city block of each other, and the Miami courthouse is located around the corner from the Miami Opera House.

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nate1245

Miami Maps

My current picture of Miami. Many more to come, and alot more development to come.

(Satelite Picture)

My current progress of Miami. Lots more to build and expand.

(Transportation Map)

The early stages of Miami.

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Newest Miami Satelitte Picture and transportation map.

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** Updated Region Map!!

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Updated transportation map! 4.gif

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Some Cloudy Weather Comes into the Miami area.

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New Update 1/18/10

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nate1245

City History & facts

City History

The Miami area was first inhabited for more than one thousand years by the Tequestas, but was later claimed for Spain in 1566 by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés. A Spanish mission was constructed one year later in 1567. In 1836, Fort Dallas was built, and the Miami area subsequently became a site of fighting during the Second Seminole War.

Miami holds the distinction of being the only major city in the United States founded by a woman, Julia Tuttle, who was a local citrus grower and a wealthy Cleveland native. The Miami area was better known as "Biscayne Bay Country" in the early years of its growth. Some published reports described the area as a promising wilderness. The area was also characterized as "one of the finest building sites in Florida." The Great Freeze of 1894-1895 hastened Miami's growth, as the crops of the Miami area were the only ones in Florida that survived. Julia Tuttle subsequently convinced Henry Flagler, a railroad tycoon, to expand his Florida East Coast Railroad to the region. Miami was officially incorporated as a city on July 28, 1896 with a population of just over 300.

Miami prospered during the 1920s with an increase in population and infrastructure but weakened after the collapse of the Florida land boom of the 1920s, the 1926 Miami Hurricane and the Great Depression in the 1930s. When World War II began, Miami, well-situated due to its location on the southern coast of Florida, played an important role in the battle against German submarines. The war helped to expand Miami's population; by 1940, 172,172 people lived in the city. After Fidel Castro rose to power in 1959, many Cubans sought refuge in Miami, further increasing the population. In the 1980s and 1990s, various crises struck South Florida, among them the Arthur McDuffie beating and the subsequent riot, drug wars, Hurricane Andrew, and the Elián González uproar. Nevertheless, in the latter half of the 20th century, Miami became a major international, financial, and cultural center.

Miami and its metropolitan area grew from just over one thousand residents to nearly five and a half million residents in just 110 years (1896-2006). The city's nickname, The Magic City, comes from this rapid growth. Winter visitors remarked that the city grew so much from one year to the next that it was like magic.

Geology

The surface bedrock under the Miami area is called Miami oolite or Miami limestone. This bedrock is covered by a thin layer of soil, and is no more than 50 feet (15 m) thick. Miami limestone formed as the result of the drastic changes in sea level associated with recent glaciations or ice ages. Beginning some 130,000 years ago the Sangamonian Stage raised sea levels to approximately 25 feet (7.6 m) above the current level. All of southern Florida was covered by a shallow sea. Several parallel lines of reef formed along the edge of the submerged Florida plateau, stretching from the present Miami area to what is now the Dry Tortugas. The area behind this reef line was in effect a large lagoon, and the Miami limestone formed throughout the area from the deposition of oolites and the shells of bryozoans. Starting about 100,000 years ago the Wisconsin glaciation began lowering sea levels, exposing the floor of the lagoon. By 15,000 years ago, the sea level had dropped to 300 to 350 feet (110 m) below the contemporary level. The sea level rose quickly after that, stabilizing at the current level about 4000 years ago, leaving the mainland of South Florida just above sea level.

Beneath the plain lies the Biscayne Aquifer,[16] a natural underground source of fresh water that extends from southern Palm Beach County to Florida Bay, with its highest point peaking around the cities of Miami Springs and Hialeah. Most of the South Florida metropolitan area obtains its drinking water from this aquifer. As a result of the aquifer, it is not possible to dig more than 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6.1 m) beneath the city without hitting water, which impedes underground construction. For this reason, the mass transit systems in and around Miami are elevated or at-grade.

Most of the western fringes of the city extend into the Everglades, a subtropical marshland located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida. This causes occasional problems with local wildlife such as alligators venturing into Miami communities and major highways.

In terms of land area, Miami is one of the smallest major cities in the United States. According to the US Census Bureau, the city encompasses a total area of 55.27 sq mi (143.1 km2). Of that area, 35.67 sq mi (92.4 km2) is land and 19.59 sq mi (50.7 km2) is water. That means Miami comprises over 400,000 people in a mere 35 square miles (91 km2), making it one of the most densely populated cities in the United States, along with New York City, San Francisco, and Chicago among others. Miami is located at 25°47′16″N 80°13′27″W? / ?25.78778°N 80.22417°W? / 25.78778; -80.22417.

Climate

Miami has a true tropical climate, specifically the Tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am)[18] with hot & humid summers and warm winters, with a marked dry season in the winter. The city does experience cold fronts from late October through March. However, the average monthly temperature for any month has never been recorded as being under 64.4 °F (January averages 67 °F).[19] Most of the year is warm and humid, and the summers are almost identical to the climate of the Caribbean tropics. The wet season lasts from May to October, when it gives way to the dry season, which features mild temperatures with some invasions of cool air, which is when the little winter rainfall occurs — with the passing of a front. The hurricane season largely coincides with the wet season.

In addition to its sea-level elevation, coastal location and position just above the Tropic of Cancer, the area owes its warm, humid climate to the Gulf Stream, which moderates climate year-round. A typical summer day does not have temperatures below 75 °F (24 °C). Temperatures in the high 80s to low 90s (30-35 °C) accompanied by high humidity are often relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off the Atlantic Ocean, which then allow lower temperatures, although conditions still remain very muggy. During winter, humidity is significantly lower, allowing for cooler weather to develop. Average minimum temperatures during that time are around 60 °F (16 °C), rarely dipping below 40 °F (4 °C), and the equivalent maxima usually range between 70 and 77 °F (21 and 25 °C).

Miami has never recorded a triple-digit temperature; the highest temperature recorded was 98 °F (37 °C).[20] The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city of Miami was 30 °F (−1 °C) on several occasions.[21] Miami has never recorded an accumulation of snow, and has only once recorded snow flurries, on January 20, 1977. Weather conditions for the area around Miami were recorded sporadically from 1839 until 1900, with many years-long gaps. A cooperative temperature and rainfall recording site was established in what is now Downtown in December, 1900. An official Weather Bureau Office was opened in Miami in June, 1911.[22]

Typical summer afternoon shower rolling in from the Everglades.

Miami receives abundant rainfall, one of the highest among major U.S. cities. Most of this rainfall occurs from mid-May through early October. It receives annual rainfall of 58.6 inches (1,488.44 mm),[23] whereas nearby Fort Lauderdale and Miami Beach receive 63.8 in (1,620 mm) and 48.3 in (1,230 mm), respectively, which demonstrates the high local variability in rainfall rates. Hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30, although hurricanes can develop beyond those dates. The most likely time for Miami to be hit is during the peak of the Cape Verde season which is mid-August through the end of September.[24] Due to its location between two major bodies of water known for tropical activity, Miami is also statistically the most likely major city in the world to be struck by a hurricane, trailed closely by Nassau, Bahamas, and Havana, Cuba. Despite this, the city has been fortunate in not having a direct hit by a hurricane since Hurricane Cleo in 1964.[25] However, many other hurricanes have affected the city, including Betsy in 1965, Andrew in 1992, Irene in 1999, and Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma in 2005. In addition, a tropical depression in October 2000 passed over the city, causing record rainfall and flooding. Locally, the storm is credited as the No Name Storm of 2000, though the depression went on to become Tropical Storm Leslie upon entering the Atlantic Ocean. Miami has been identified as one of three cities in the United States most vulnerable to hurricanes, mainly due to its location and it being surrounded by ocean and low-lying coastal plains, the other two cities being New Orleans and New York City.

Typical summer afternoon shower rolling in from the Everglades.

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Entertainment and performing arts

Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, the second-largest performing arts center in the United States.

Miami Art Museum.

Miami is home to many entertainment venues, theaters, museums, parks and performing arts centers. The newest addition to the Miami arts scene is the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, the second-largest performing arts center in the United States after the Lincoln Center in New York City, and is the home of the Florida Grand Opera. Within it are the Ziff Ballet Opera House, the center's largest venue, the Knight Concert Hall, the Carnival Studio Theater and the Peacock Rehearsal Studio. The center attracts many large scale operas, ballets, concerts, and musicals from around the world and is Florida's grandest performing arts center. Other performing arts venues in Miami include the Gusman Center for the Performing Arts, Coconut Grove Playhouse, Colony Theatre, Lincoln Theatre, New World Symphony House, Actor's Playhouse at the Miracle Theatre, Jackie Gleason Theatre, Manuel Artime Theater, Ring Theatre, Playground Theatre, Wertheim Performing Arts Center, the Fair Expo Center and the Bayfront Park Amphitheater for outdoor music events.

The city is home to numerous museums as well, many of which are in Downtown. These include the Bass Museum, Frost Art Museum, Historical Museum of Southern Florida, Jewish Museum of Florida, Lowe Art Museum, Miami Art Museum, Miami Children's Museum, Miami Science Museum, Museum of Contemporary Art, Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, Wolfsonian-FIU Museum and the Miami Cultural Center, home of the Main Miami Library. Other popular cultural destinations in the area include Jungle Island, Miami MetroZoo, Miami Seaquarium, Coral Castle, St. Bernard de Clairvaux Church, Charles Deering Estate, and parks and gardens in and around the city; there are over 80 parks in Miami.[28] The largest and most popular parks are Bayfront Park and Bicentennial Park (located in the heart of Downtown and the location of the American Airlines Arena and Bayside Marketplace), Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Tropical Park, Watson Island, Morningside Park and Key Biscayne.

Miami is also a major fashion center, home to models and some of the top modeling agencies in the world. Miami is also host to many fashion shows and events, including the annual Miami Fashion Week and the Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Miami held in the Wynwood Art District.[29] Miami is also the home of the world's largest art exhibition, dubbed the "Olympics of Art", Art Basel Miami Beach. The event is held annually in December, and attracts thousands of visitors from around the world.

Music

Miami music is varied. Cubans brought the conga and rumba to Miami from their homelands instantly popularizing it in American culture. Dominicans brought bachata, and merengue, while Colombians brought vallenato. West Indians and Caribbean people have brought reggae, soca, kompa, zouk, calypso, and steel pan to the area as well.

In the early 1970s, the Miami disco sound came to life with TK Records, featuring the music of KC and the Sunshine Band, with such hits as "Get Down Tonight", "(Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty" and "That's the Way (I Like It)"; and the Latin-American disco group, Foxy (band), with their hit singles "Get Off" and "Hot Number". Miami-area natives George McCrae and Teri DeSario were also popular music artists during the 1970s disco era. Miami-influenced, Gloria Estefan and the Miami Sound Machine, hit the popular music scene with their Cuban-oriented sound and had huge hits in the 1980s with "Conga" and "Bad Boys".

The Kampong, a botanical garden in Coconut Grove.

Miami is also considered a "hot spot" for dance music, Freestyle, a style of dance music popular in the 80's and 90's heavily influenced by Electro, hip-hop, and disco. Many popular Freestyle acts such as Pretty Tony, Debbie Deb, Stevie B, and Exposé, originated in Miami. Indie/folk acts Cat Power and Iron & Wine are based in the city,[30] while alternative hip hop artist Sage Francis, electro artist Uffie, and the electroclash duo Avenue D were born in Miami, but musically based elsewhere. Also, punk band Against All Authority is from Miami, and rock/metal bands Nonpoint and Marilyn Manson each formed in neighboring Fort Lauderdale. Popular Cuban American female recording artist, Ana Cristina, was born in Miami in 1985, and became the first Hispanic person in history to perform the "Star Spangled Banner" at a presidential inauguration.

The 80's and 90's also brought the genre of high energy Miami Bass to dance floors and car subwoofers throughout the country. Miami Bass spawned artists like 2 Live Crew (featuring Uncle Luke), 95 South, Tag Team, 69 Boyz, Quad City DJ's, and Freak Nasty. Examples of these songs are "Whoomp! (There It Is)" by Tag Team in 1993, "Tootsee Roll" by 69 Boyz in 1994, and "C'mon N' Ride It (The Train)" by the Quad City DJ's in 1996. These songs all reached the top 10 in the pop charts and gave Miami Bass a new commercial success.

Miami is also home to a vibrant techno and dance scene and hosts the Winter Music Conference, the largest dance event in the world, Ultra Music Festival and many electronica music-themed celebrations and festivals. Along with neighboring Miami Beach, Miami is home to some famous nightclubs, such as Space, Mansion, Parkwest, Ink, and Cameo. The city is known to be part of clubland, along with places such as Mykonos, Ibiza and Ayia Napa.

There are also several rap and hip hop artists out of Miami. They include Trick Daddy, Trina, Pitbull, Jackie-O, Rick Ross, and legendary Miami Bass group, 2 Live Crew

Airports

Miami International Airport, located in an unincorporated area in the county, serves as the primary international airport of the Miami Area. One of the busiest international airports in the world, Miami International Airport caters to over 35 million passengers a year. Identifiable locally, as well as several worldwide authorities, as MIA or KMIA, the airport is a major hub and the single largest international gateway for American Airlines, the world's largest passenger air carrier. Miami International is the United States' third largest international port of entry for foreign air passengers (behind New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport and Los Angeles International Airport), and is the seventh largest such gateway in the world. The airport's extensive international route network includes non-stop flights to over seventy international cities in North and South America, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.

Alternatively, nearby Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport also serves commercial traffic in the Miami area. Opa-Locka Airport in Opa-Locka and Kendall-Tamiami Airport in an unincorporated area serve general aviation traffic in the Miami area.

Transportation

Miami-Dade County is served by four Interstate Highways (I-75, I-95, I-195, I-395) and several U.S. Highways including U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 27, U.S. Route 41, and U.S. Route 441. For information on the street grid, see Miami-Dade County, Florida#Street grid. Some of the major Florida State Roads (and their common names) serving the county are:

    * SR 112 (Airport Expressway): Interstate 95 to MIA

    * SR 821 (The HEFT or Homestead Extension of the Florida Turnpike): SR 91/Miami Gardens to U.S. Route

          1/Florida City)

   * SR 826 (Palmetto Expressway): Golden Glades Interchange to U.S. Route 1/Pinecrest

    * SR 836 (Dolphin Expressway): Downtown to SW 137th Ave via MIA

    * SR 874 (Don Shula Expressway): 826/Bird Road to Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike/Kendall

    * SR 878 (Snapper Creek Expressway): SR 874/Kendall to U.S. Route 1/Pinecrest & South Miami

    * SR 924 (Gratigny Parkway) Miami Lakes to Opa-locka

In 2007, Miami was identified as having the rudest drivers in the United States, the second year in a row to have been cited, in a poll commissioned by automobile club AutoVantage. Miami is also consistently ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the United States for pedestrians.

nate1245

City Facts

City Facts

Miami is a major coastal city in southeastern Florida, in the United States. Miami is the county seat of Miami-Dade County, the most populous county in Florida. The Miami Urbanized Area (as defined by the Census Bureau) was the fifth most populous urbanized area in the U.S. in the 2000 census with a population of 4,919,036. The United Nations estimated that in 2007, Miami had become the fourth largest urbanized area in the United States, behind New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. Miami is well known as a global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts and international trade. The city is home to many company headquarters, banks, and television studios. It is an international center for popular entertainment in television, music, fashion, film, and the performing arts. The city's Port of Miami is known for accommodating the largest volume of cruise ships in the world and is home to many cruise line headquarters. Miami is also home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States.

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